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Ancient GreekEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Hellenic *sképťomai, from Proto-Indo-European *skep-ye-, from a metathesis of *speḱ-.

Cognate to Latin speciō (I see).

PronunciationEdit

 
  • (5th BCE Attic) IPA(key): /skép.to.mai̯/
  • (1st CE Egyptian) IPA(key): /ˈskɛp.to.mɛ/
  • (4th CE Koine) IPA(key): /ˈskep.to.mɛ/
  • (10th CE Byzantine) IPA(key): /ˈscep.to.me/
  • (15th CE Constantinopolitan) IPA(key): /ˈscep.to.me/
  • VerbEdit

    σκέπτομαι (sképtomai)

    1. I look at, examine
      • 428 BCE, Euripides, Hippolytus 943
        σκέψασθε δ᾽ ἐς τόνδ᾽
        sképsasthe d᾽ es tónd᾽
        Look at this man
      • 800 BCE – 600 BCE, Homer, Odyssey 12.247
        σκεψάμενος δ᾽ ἐς νῆα θοὴν ἅμα καὶ μεθ᾽ ἑταίρους
        skepsámenos d᾽ es nêa thoḕn háma kaì meth᾽ hetaírous
        Looking at once at both ship and men
    2. I examine, consider, think
      • 497 BCE – 405 BCE, Sophocles, Ajax 1028
        σκέψασθε, πρὸς θεῶν, τὴν τύχην δυοῖν βροτοῖν.
        sképsasthe, pròs theôn, tḕn túkhēn duoîn brotoîn.
        Consider, by the gods, the fortune of these two men.
      • 460 BCE – 395 BCE, Thucydides, History of the Peloponnesian War 6.38
        καὶ δῆτα, ὃ πολλάκις ἐσκεψάμην, τί καὶ βούλεσθε, ὦ νεώτεροι;
        kaì dêta, hò pollákis eskepsámēn, tí kaì boúlesthe, ô neṓteroi?
        And after all, as I have often asked, what would you have, young men?
      1. (rarely) I think, deem
        • 428 BCE – 347 BCE, Plato, Laws 854c
          καλλίω θάνατον σκεψάμενος
          kallíō thánaton skepsámenos
          deeming death the more noble way
      2. I prepare, premeditate
        • 384 BCE – 322 BCE, Demosthenes, Against Timocrates 158
          καὶ τοιούτους λόγους σχολὴν ἄγοντ᾽ ἐσκέφθαι περὶ πάντων ὥστ᾽ εὖ εἰδέναι
          kaì toioútous lógous skholḕn ágont᾽ esképhthai perì pántōn hṓst᾽ eû eidénai
          and he has thought out at leisure such fine arguments on every point
        • 349 BCE, Demosthenes, First Olynthiac 1
          οὐ γὰρ μόνον εἴ τι χρήσιμον ἐσκεμμένος ἥκει τις,
          ou gàr mónon eí ti khrḗsimon eskemménos hḗkei tis,
          For not only if someone comes forward with a well-considered plan,

    Usage notesEdit

    The present and imperfect are suppleted from σκοπέω (skopéō) in Attic.

    InflectionEdit

    Derived termsEdit

    Related termsEdit

    ReferencesEdit


    GreekEdit

    VerbEdit

    σκέπτομαι (sképtomai) deponent (simple past σκέφτηκα, σκέφθηκα)

    1. Alternative form of σκέφτομαι (skéftomai)

    ConjugationEdit