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Ancient GreekEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Hellenic *sképťomai, from Proto-Indo-European *skep-ye-, from a metathesis of *speḱ-.

Cognate to Latin speciō (I see).

PronunciationEdit

 

VerbEdit

σκέπτομαι (sképtomai)

  1. I look at, examine
    • 428 BCE, Euripides, Hippolytus 943:
      σκέψασθε δ᾽ ἐς τόνδ᾽
      sképsasthe d᾽ es tónd᾽
      Look at this man
    • 800 BCE – 600 BCE, Homer, Odyssey 12.247:
      σκεψάμενος δ᾽ ἐς νῆα θοὴν ἅμα καὶ μεθ᾽ ἑταίρους
      skepsámenos d᾽ es nêa thoḕn háma kaì meth᾽ hetaírous
      Looking at once at both ship and men
  2. I examine, consider, think
    • 497 BCE – 405 BCE, Sophocles, Ajax 1028:
      σκέψασθε, πρὸς θεῶν, τὴν τύχην δυοῖν βροτοῖν.
      sképsasthe, pròs theôn, tḕn túkhēn duoîn brotoîn.
      Consider, by the gods, the fortune of these two men.
    • 460 BCE – 395 BCE, Thucydides, History of the Peloponnesian War 6.38:
      καὶ δῆτα, ὃ πολλάκις ἐσκεψάμην, τί καὶ βούλεσθε, ὦ νεώτεροι;
      kaì dêta, hò pollákis eskepsámēn, tí kaì boúlesthe, ô neṓteroi?
      And after all, as I have often asked, what would you have, young men?
    1. (rarely) I think, deem
      • 428 BCE – 347 BCE, Plato, Laws 854c:
        καλλίω θάνατον σκεψάμενος
        kallíō thánaton skepsámenos
        deeming death the more noble way
    2. I prepare, premeditate
      • 384 BCE – 322 BCE, Demosthenes, Against Timocrates 158:
        καὶ τοιούτους λόγους σχολὴν ἄγοντ᾽ ἐσκέφθαι περὶ πάντων ὥστ᾽ εὖ εἰδέναι
        kaì toioútous lógous skholḕn ágont᾽ esképhthai perì pántōn hṓst᾽ eû eidénai
        and he has thought out at leisure such fine arguments on every point
      • 349 BCE, Demosthenes, First Olynthiac 1:
        οὐ γὰρ μόνον εἴ τι χρήσιμον ἐσκεμμένος ἥκει τις,
        ou gàr mónon eí ti khrḗsimon eskemménos hḗkei tis,
        For not only if someone comes forward with a well-considered plan,

Usage notesEdit

The present and imperfect are suppleted from σκοπέω (skopéō) in Attic.

InflectionEdit

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

ReferencesEdit


GreekEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Ancient Greek σκέπτομαι.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈsce.pto.me/
  • Hyphenation: σκέ‧πτο‧μαι

VerbEdit

σκέπτομαι (sképtomai) deponent (simple past σκέφθηκα, σκέφτηκα) (σκέφτηκα as from σκέφτομαι (skéftomai))

  1. (formal) Alternative form of σκέφτομαι (skéftomai)

Usage notesEdit

Mainly found in compounds

ConjugationEdit

Derived termsEdit