From Middle English dẹ̄men (“to judge; to criticize, condemn; to impose a penalty on, sentence; to direct, order; to believe, think, deem”), from Old English dēman (“to decide, decree, deem, determine, judge; to condemn, doom, sentence; to consider, examine, reckon, think; to prove; to compute, estimate; to declare, tell; to glorify, praise”), from Proto-Germanic *dōmijaną (“to judge, think”), from Proto-Indo-European *dʰeh₁- (“to set, put”). The word is cognate with Danish dømme (“to judge”), Dutch doemen (“to condemn, foredoom”), North Frisian dema (“to judge, recognise”), Norwegian Bokmål dømme (“to judge”), Norwegian Nynorsk døma (“to judge”), Swedish döma (“to judge, sentence, condemn”). It is also related to doom.
- (transitive, obsolete) To judge, to pass judgment on; to doom, to sentence.
- (transitive, obsolete) To adjudge, to decree.
- (transitive, obsolete) To dispense (justice); to administer (law).
- (transitive) To hold in belief or estimation; to adjudge as a conclusion; to regard as being; to evaluate according to one's beliefs; to account.
- She deemed his efforts insufficient.
- (transitive, intransitive) To think, judge, or hold as an opinion; to decide or believe on consideration; to suppose.
- 1678, John Bunyan, The Pilgrim’s Progress; […], London: Printed for Nath. Ponder; […], OCLC 228725984; reprinted as The Pilgrim’s Progress (The Noel Douglas Replicas), London: Noel Douglas, […], 1928, OCLC 5190338, pages 139–140:
- So Chriſtian came up with him again, and ſaid, Sir, you talk as if you knew ſomething more than all the World doth; and if I take not my mark amiſs, I deem I have half a gueſs of you: Is not your name Mr. By-ends of Fair-ſpeech?
- (intransitive) To have or hold as an opinion; to judge; to think.
- The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.
deem (plural deems)
- (Brabantian) dumb person
- Maa ziet gij da dan ni, 't ligt veur ave neus, gij sen deem!
- (please add an English translation of this usage example)
deem m, n (unstressed dem)
- dative of
- dative of
|Luxembourgish definite articles|
|nom./acc.||deen (den)||déi (d')||dat (d')||déi (d')|
|dative||deem (dem)||där (der)||deem (dem)||deen (den)|