Ancient GreekEdit

Alternative formsEdit


From Proto-Hellenic *pʰúyō, from Proto-Indo-European *bʰuHyéti, from *bʰuH- (to appear, become, rise up). Cognate with Old Armenian բոյս (boys, plant), Sanskrit भवति (bhavati), Avestan 𐬠𐬎(bu), Latin fuī (I was), Old English bēon (English be), Albanian bëj.




φῠ́ω (phúō)

  1. (transitive) To bring forth, produce, generate, cause to grow
  2. (transitive) To beget, bear, give birth to
  3. (intransitive) To grow, arise, spring up
  4. (intransitive, present tense) to become [+adjective]
  5. (intransitive, aorist and perfect)
  6. (copulative) To be by nature [+adjective]
  7. (intransitive) To be naturally disposed to, prone [+infinitive = to do]
  8. (impersonal) It is natural, happens naturally [+infinitive = that ...]
  9. to be one's natural lot [+dative = someone's]


  • Present active, future active, and 1st aorist active are transitive; others are intransitive.

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit