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Ancient GreekEdit

Alternative formsEdit


From Proto-Indo-European *bʰuH- (to appear, become, rise up). Cognates include Old Armenian բոյս (boys, plant), Sanskrit भवति (bhavati), Avestan 𐬠𐬎 (bu), Latin fuī (I was), Old English bēon (English be), and Albanian bëj.




φῠ́ω (phúō)

  1. (transitive) To bring forth, produce, generate, cause to grow
  2. (transitive) To beget, bear, give birth to
  3. (intransitive) To grow, arise, spring up
  4. (intransitive, present tense) to become [+adjective]
  5. (intransitive, aorist and perfect)
  6. (copulative) To be by nature [+adjective]
  7. (intransitive) To be naturally disposed to, prone [+infinitive = to do]
  8. (impersonal) It is natural, happens naturally [+infinitive = that ...]
  9. to be one's natural lot [+dative = someone's]


  • Present active, future active, and 1st aorist active are transitive; others are intransitive.

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit


  • φύω in Liddell & Scott (1940) A Greek–English Lexicon, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • φύω in Liddell & Scott (1889) An Intermediate Greek–English Lexicon, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • φύω in Autenrieth, Georg (1891) A Homeric Dictionary for Schools and Colleges, New York: Harper and Brothers
  • φύω in Cunliffe, Richard J. (1924) A Lexicon of the Homeric Dialect: Expanded Edition, Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, published 1963
  • φύω in Slater, William J. (1969) Lexicon to Pindar, Berlin: Walter de Gruyter
  • G5453”, in Strong’s Exhaustive Concordance to the Bible, 1979
  • BDAG