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Ancient GreekEdit

Alternative formsEdit


From Proto-Indo-European *bʰuH- (to appear, become, rise up). Cognates include Old Armenian բոյս (boys, plant), Sanskrit भवति (bhavati), Avestan 𐬠𐬎 (bu), Latin fuī (I was), Old English bēon (English be), and Albanian bëj.


  • (5th BCE Attic) IPA(key): /pʰý.ɔː/
  • (1st CE Egyptian) IPA(key): /ˈpʰy.o/
  • (4th CE Koine) IPA(key): /ˈɸy.o/
  • (10th CE Byzantine) IPA(key): /ˈfy.o/
  • (15th CE Constantinopolitan) IPA(key): /ˈfi.o/
  • VerbEdit

    φῠ́ω (phúō)

    1. (transitive) To bring forth, produce, generate, cause to grow
    2. (transitive) To beget, bear, give birth to
    3. (intransitive) To grow, arise, spring up
    4. (intransitive, present tense) to become [+adjective]
    5. (intransitive, aorist and perfect)
    6. (copulative) To be by nature [+adjective]
    7. (intransitive) To be naturally disposed to, prone [+infinitive = to do]
    8. (impersonal) It is natural, happens naturally [+infinitive = that ...]
    9. to be one's natural lot [+dative = someone's]


    • Present active, future active, and 1st aorist active are transitive; others are intransitive.

    Derived termsEdit

    Related termsEdit