Ancient GreekEdit

Alternative formsEdit


From Proto-Indo-European *bʰuH- ‎(to appear, become, rise up). Cognates include Old Armenian բոյս ‎(boys, plant), Sanskrit भवति ‎(bhavati), Avestan 𐬠𐬎 ‎(bu), Latin fuī ‎(I was), Old English bēon (English be), and Albanian bëj.




φύω ‎(phúō) future: φύσω/φυήσω aorist: ἔφυσα/ἔφυν perfect active: πέφυκα

  1. (transitive) to bring forth, produce, generate, cause to grow
  2. (transitive) to beget, bear, give birth to
  3. (intransitive)
    1. to grow, arise, spring up
    2. (present tense) to become (with adjective)
    3. (aorist and perfect)
      1. to be by nature (with adjective)
      2. be naturally disposed to, prone to (with infinitive)
      3. (impersonal) it is natural, happens naturally that (with infinitive)
      4. to be one's natural lot (with dative of person)


  • Present active, future active, and 1st aorist active are transitive; others are intransitive.

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit


  • φύω in Liddell & Scott (1940) A Greek–English Lexicon, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • φύω in Liddell & Scott (1889) An Intermediate Greek–English Lexicon, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • φύω in Autenrieth, Georg (1891) A Homeric Dictionary for Schools and Colleges, New York: Harper and Brothers
  • «φύω» in Cunliffe, Richard J. (1924) A Lexicon of the Homeric Dialect: Expanded Edition, Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, published 1963
  • φύω in Slater, William J. (1969) Lexicon to Pindar, Berlin: Walter de Gruyter
  • G5453”, in Strong’s Exhaustive Concordance to the Bible, 1979
  • BDAG
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