φύω

Contents

Ancient GreekEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

PIE root
*bʰuH-

From Proto-Indo-European *bʰuH- ‎(to appear, become, rise up). Cognates include Old Armenian բոյս ‎(boys, plant), Sanskrit भवति ‎(bhavati), Avestan 𐬠𐬎 ‎(bu), Latin fuī ‎(I was), Old English bēon (English be), and Albanian bëj.

PronunciationEdit

 

VerbEdit

φύω ‎(phúō) future: φύσω/φυήσω aorist: ἔφυσα/ἔφυν perfect active: πέφυκα

  1. (transitive) to bring forth, produce, generate, cause to grow
  2. (transitive) to beget, bear, give birth to
  3. (intransitive)
    1. to grow, arise, spring up
    2. (present tense) to become (with adjective)
    3. (aorist and perfect)
      1. to be by nature (with adjective)
      2. be naturally disposed to, prone to (with infinitive)
      3. (impersonal) it is natural, happens naturally that (with infinitive)
      4. to be one's natural lot (with dative of person)


InflectionEdit

  • Present active, future active, and 1st aorist active are transitive; others are intransitive.

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

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