вила

BulgarianEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Proto-Slavic *vidla, an instrumental noun from ви́я (víja, to twine, to curve) +‎ -ла (-la, instrumental suffix).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

ви́ла (vílaf

  1. pitchfork
DeclensionEdit
Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • вила¹ in Rečnik na bǎlgarskija ezik (Institut za bǎlgarski ezik)
  • вила¹ in Rečnik na bǎlgarskija ezik (Čitanka.Info)

Etymology 2Edit

From Proto-Slavic *vila, probably akin to Bulgarian ви́хър (víhǎr, gale, wind torrent), вие́лица (viélica, blizzard).

Another hypothesis (per Vasmer) relates the word to Proto-Indo-European *weh₁y- (to chase, to pursue), presumably with an original meaning prosecutor, haunter.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

ви́ла (vílaf

  1. vila (mythological creature from Slavic mythology similar to nymphs and fairies)
    Synonyms: фе́я (féja), ни́мфа (nímfa), ди́ва (díva)
DeclensionEdit
Derived termsEdit
See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • вила² in Rečnik na bǎlgarskija ezik (Institut za bǎlgarski ezik)
  • вила² in Rečnik na bǎlgarskija ezik (Čitanka.Info)
 
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Etymology 3Edit

Borrowed from Latin villa. Akin to dialectal Bulgarian вес (ves, small settlement, camp, dwelling) (outdated, historical).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

ви́ла (vílaf (related adjective ви́лен)

  1. villa, mansion
DeclensionEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • вила³ in Rečnik na bǎlgarskija ezik (Institut za bǎlgarski ezik)
  • вила³ in Rečnik na bǎlgarskija ezik (Čitanka.Info)

Komi-PermyakEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Russian вила́ (vilá).

NounEdit

вила (vila)

  1. pitchfork

MacedonianEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Proto-Slavic *vila.

NounEdit

вила (vilaf

  1. fairy

Etymology 2Edit

From Proto-Slavic *vidla.

NounEdit

вила (vilaf

  1. pitchfork
InflectionEdit

Etymology 3Edit

From Latin villa.

NounEdit

вила (vilaf

  1. villa

RussianEdit

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

вила́ (vilá)

  1. feminine singular past indicative imperfective of вить (vitʹ)

Serbo-CroatianEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Proto-Slavic *vila. Cognate with Bulgarian самовила (samovila) and вила (vila, fairy), Slovene vila (fairy living in the forest or in the water), Russian вила́ (vilá) and Slovak víla (fairy). According to Vasmer, non-Slavic cognates include Old Norse veiðr (hunt) and Avestan 𐬬𐬀𐬌𐬌𐬈𐬌𐬙𐬌(vaiieiti, he pursuits, frightens).

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ʋǐːla/
  • Hyphenation: ви‧ла

NounEdit

ви́ла f (Latin spelling víla)

  1. fairy
DeclensionEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From Latin villa.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ʋîla/
  • Hyphenation: ви‧ла

NounEdit

ви̏ла f (Latin spelling vȉla)

  1. villa
DeclensionEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • Vasmer, Max (1964–1973) , “вила”, in Etimologičeskij slovarʹ russkovo jazyka [Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language] (in Russian), translated from German and supplemented by Oleg Trubačóv, Moscow: Progress