тюфяк

RussianEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Borrowed from Tatar tüšäk (mattress); dialectally тюша́к (tjušák). Modern form probably influenced by тюфя́к (tjufják, early type of firearm) (see below).

NounEdit

тюфя́к (tjufjákm inan or m anim (genitive тюфяка́, nominative plural тюфяки́, genitive plural тюфяко́в)

  1. (inanimate) mattress; a sack filled with something soft (e.g. hay) to be used as a mattress
  2. (figuratively, colloquial, derogatory, animate) wimp, weakling, wuss, coward
  3. (engineering) mattress (retaining wall of brushwood, concrete, etc. to protect the river bed and banks of bridges and dams from erosion)
  4. (dialectal, Siberia, animate) sandpiper
DeclensionEdit
SynonymsEdit
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Inherited from Old East Slavic тюфякъ (tjufjakŭ), from Old Turkic tüfäk(tüfäk, tube, gun, crossbow).

NounEdit

тюфя́к (tjufjákm inan (genitive тюфяка́, nominative plural тюфяки́, genitive plural тюфяко́в)

  1. (dated) early type of firearm
DeclensionEdit