Translingual edit

 dam (disambiguation) on Wikipedia

Symbol edit

dam

  1. (metrology) Symbol for decameter (decametre), an SI unit of length equal to 101 meters (metres).

English edit

 
A dam.

Pronunciation edit

Etymology 1 edit

From Middle English dam, from Old English *damm, from Proto-West Germanic *damm, from Proto-Germanic *dammaz.

Noun edit

dam (plural dams)

  1. A structure placed across a flowing body of water to stop the flow or part of the flow, generally for purposes such as retaining or diverting some of the water or retarding the release of accumulated water to avoid abrupt flooding.
    A dam is often an essential source of water to farmers of hilly country.
    • 1913, Robert Barr, chapter 4, in Lord Stranleigh Abroad[1]:
      Nothing could be more business-like than the construction of the stout dams, and nothing more gently rural than the limpid lakes, with the grand old forest trees marshalled round their margins []
    • 2013 August 16, John Vidal, “Dams endanger ecology of Himalayas”, in The Guardian Weekly, volume 189, number 10, page 8:
      Most of the Himalayan rivers have been relatively untouched by dams near their sources. Now the two great Asian powers, India and China, are rushing to harness them as they cut through some of the world's deepest valleys.
  2. The water reservoir resulting from placing such a structure.
    Boats may only be used at places set aside for boating on the dam.
  3. (dentistry) A device to prevent a tooth from getting wet during dental work, consisting of a rubber sheet held with a band.
  4. (South Africa, Australia) A reservoir.
  5. A firebrick wall, or a stone, which forms the front of the hearth of a blast furnace.
Derived terms edit
Translations edit

Verb edit

dam (third-person singular simple present dams, present participle damming, simple past and past participle dammed)

  1. (transitive) To block the flow of water.
Derived terms edit
Translations edit

Etymology 2 edit

Variant of dame. Doublet of domina and donna.

Noun edit

dam (plural dams)

  1. Female parent, mother, generally regarding breeding of animals.
  2. A kind of crowned piece in the game of draughts.
Coordinate terms edit
Translations edit

Etymology 3 edit

Said to be possibly coined from the English phrase "I don't give a dam(n)," referring to its small worth.[1]

Noun edit

dam (plural dams) (historical)

  1. (India) An obsolete Indian copper coin, equal to a fortieth of a rupee.
    • 1839, William Holloway, A General Dictionary of Provincialisms, Written with a View to Rescue from Oblivion the Fast Fading Relics of By-gone Days, Lewes, East Sussex: Sussex Press: Printed and published by Baxter and Son, →OCLC, page 42:
      [] A small Indian coin; whence comes the saying "I don't care a dam for you," that is I don't value you a farthing, and not as generally given, "I don't care a damn" or a "curse for you." [Possibly a folk etymology.]
  2. A former coin of Nepal, 128 of which were worth one mohar.

References edit

  1. ^ Gorrell, Robert, Watch Your Language: Mother Tongue and Her Wayward Children, University of Nevada Press, 1994

Etymology 4 edit

Clipping or Pronunciation spelling of damn.

Alternative forms edit

Interjection edit

dam

  1. (slang or pronunciation spelling) Damn.

Adjective edit

dam (not comparable)

  1. (slang or pronunciation spelling) Damn.
    • 2020, Jacie Rowe III, White Lies, Black Truth, The Lost Light, page 196:
      Do not get too caught up in individual campism. The Most-High sent your spirits back on earth to fix yourselves, come together and wake up our people, so do your dam job and stop letting your fleshly desires control you.

Further reading edit

Anagrams edit

Afrikaans edit

Etymology edit

From Dutch dam, from Middle Dutch dam, from Old Dutch dam, from Proto-Germanic *dammaz.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

dam (plural damme)

  1. pond, basin
  2. dam

Derived terms edit

Arem edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Vietic *ɗam, from Proto-Mon-Khmer *p(ɗ)am; cognate with Vietnamese năm.

Pronunciation edit

Numeral edit

dam

  1. five

Further reading edit

Azerbaijani edit

 
yaşıl dam
green roof

Etymology edit

From Old Anatolian Turkishطام(d̥am, dam), from Proto-Turkic *tām.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

dam (definite accusative damı, plural damlar)

  1. roof
  2. hovel, shack
  3. dugout
  4. cowshed, sheep cote (a structure where animals are held)
    donuz damıpigsty
  5. (figurative) lockup, jail, quod
    dama basdırmaqto lock up, to put in jail
  6. (archaic) grid, net
  7. (archaic) trap, snare
    Synonyms: tələ, cələ, duzaq
    dam qurmaqto set a trap

Declension edit

    Declension of dam
singular plural
nominative dam
damlar
definite accusative damı
damları
dative dama
damlara
locative damda
damlarda
ablative damdan
damlardan
definite genitive damın
damların
    Possessive forms of dam
nominative
singular plural
mənim (my) damım damlarım
sənin (your) damın damların
onun (his/her/its) damı damları
bizim (our) damımız damlarımız
sizin (your) damınız damlarınız
onların (their) damı or damları damları
accusative
singular plural
mənim (my) damımı damlarımı
sənin (your) damını damlarını
onun (his/her/its) damını damlarını
bizim (our) damımızı damlarımızı
sizin (your) damınızı damlarınızı
onların (their) damını or damlarını damlarını
dative
singular plural
mənim (my) damıma damlarıma
sənin (your) damına damlarına
onun (his/her/its) damına damlarına
bizim (our) damımıza damlarımıza
sizin (your) damınıza damlarınıza
onların (their) damına or damlarına damlarına
locative
singular plural
mənim (my) damımda damlarımda
sənin (your) damında damlarında
onun (his/her/its) damında damlarında
bizim (our) damımızda damlarımızda
sizin (your) damınızda damlarınızda
onların (their) damında or damlarında damlarında
ablative
singular plural
mənim (my) damımdan damlarımdan
sənin (your) damından damlarından
onun (his/her/its) damından damlarından
bizim (our) damımızdan damlarımızdan
sizin (your) damınızdan damlarınızdan
onların (their) damından or damlarından damlarından
genitive
singular plural
mənim (my) damımın damlarımın
sənin (your) damının damlarının
onun (his/her/its) damının damlarının
bizim (our) damımızın damlarımızın
sizin (your) damınızın damlarınızın
onların (their) damının or damlarının damlarının

Cebuano edit

Etymology edit

From English dam, from Middle English dam, damme, from Old English *dam, *damm, from Proto-Germanic *dammaz.

Noun edit

dam

  1. a dam; a structure placed across a flowing body of water to stop the flow
  2. a reservoir

Crimean Tatar edit

Noun edit

dam (accusative [please provide], plural [please provide])

  1. stable
  2. roof
  3. taste

Declension edit

Synonyms edit

Danish edit

Etymology 1 edit

From Old Norse dammr (dam).

Noun edit

dam c (singular definite dammen, plural indefinite damme)

  1. pond
  2. corf, livewell (for storage of live fish under water)
Inflection edit
Derived terms edit

Etymology 2 edit

Borrowed from French jeu de dames (draughts).

Noun edit

dam c or n

  1. draughts, checkers

Etymology 3 edit

Borrowed from French dame (lady).

Noun edit

dam c (singular definite dammen, plural indefinite dammer)

  1. king (superior piece in draughts)
Inflection edit

Dutch edit

 
Dutch Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia nl

Pronunciation edit

Etymology 1 edit

From Middle Dutch dam, from Old Dutch dam, from Proto-West Germanic *damm, from Proto-Germanic *dammaz.

Noun edit

dam m (plural dammen, diminutive dammetje n)

  1. dam
Derived terms edit

- general:

- toponyms:

Descendants edit
  • Afrikaans: dam
  • Caribbean Hindustani: dám
  • Indonesian: dam (dam)
  • Papiamentu: dam
  • Saramaccan: dan
  • Sranan Tongo: dan, dam
    • Caribbean Javanese: dham

Etymology 2 edit

Borrowed from Middle French dame, from Spanish dama.

Noun edit

dam f (plural dammen)

  1. (checkers) king (double draught/checker)
Related terms edit
Descendants edit
  • Indonesian: dam (draught/checker(s))

Etymology 3 edit

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Verb edit

dam

  1. inflection of dammen:
    1. first-person singular present indicative
    2. imperative

French edit

Etymology edit

Inherited[1] from Latin damnum.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

dam m (plural dams)

  1. (obsolete except in phrases) damage
  2. (religion) damnation

Derived terms edit

Related terms edit

References edit

  1. ^ Walther von Wartburg (1928–2002), “damnum”, in Französisches Etymologisches Wörterbuch (in German), volume 3: D–F, page 11

Further reading edit

Anagrams edit

Friulian edit

Etymology edit

From Latin damnum.

Noun edit

dam m (plural dams)

  1. damage

Synonyms edit

Related terms edit

Galician edit

Verb edit

dam

  1. (reintegrationist norm) third-person plural present indicative of dar

Garo edit

Etymology edit

Borrowed from Bengali দাম (dam).

Noun edit

dam

  1. price

Indonesian edit

 
Indonesian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia id

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): [ˈdam]
  • Hyphenation: dam

Etymology 1 edit

From Dutch dam (king (draught/checkers)), from Middle French dame, from Old French dame, from Latin domina.

Noun edit

dam (first-person possessive damku, second-person possessive dammu, third-person possessive damnya)

  1. (games) draught (American), checkers (British).
  2. checker, a pattern of alternating colours as on a chessboard.
Derived terms edit

Etymology 2 edit

From Dutch dam (dam), from Middle Dutch dam, from Old Dutch dam, from Proto-Germanic *dammaz.

Noun edit

dam (first-person possessive damku, second-person possessive dammu, third-person possessive damnya)

  1. dam, a structure placed across a flowing body of water to stop the flow or part of the flow, generally for purposes such as retaining or diverting some of the water or retarding the release of accumulated water to avoid abrupt flooding.
Synonyms edit

Compounds edit

Etymology 3 edit

From Arabicدَم(dam, blood), from Proto-Semitic *dam-, from Proto-Afroasiatic *dam-.

Noun edit

dam (first-person possessive damku, second-person possessive dammu, third-person possessive damnya)

  1. (Islam) fine, a punishment for breaking the law.

Further reading edit

Irish edit

Pronoun edit

dam (emphatic damsa)

  1. Alternative form of dom (for/to me)

Komo edit

Noun edit

dam

  1. honey

Lashi edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *l-(t/d)jam (full, flat).

Pronunciation edit

Adjective edit

dam

  1. flat

References edit

  • Hkaw Luk (2017) A grammatical sketch of Lacid[2], Chiang Mai: Payap University (master thesis)

Malay edit

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

dam (Jawi spellingدم⁩, plural dam-dam, informal 1st possessive damku, 2nd possessive dammu, 3rd possessive damnya)

  1. draughts; checkers (two-player board game).

Further reading edit

Maltese edit

Pronunciation edit

Etymology 1 edit

Root
d-w-m
15 terms

From Arabicدَامَ(dāma).

Verb edit

dam (imperfect jdum, verbal noun dewm or dewmien or dawmien)

  1. to last; to take (time, especially long time)
    Synonym: (imperfect only) jtul
    Alternative form: diem
Conjugation edit
    Conjugation of dam
singular plural
1st person 2nd person 3rd person 1st person 2nd person 3rd person
perfect m domt domt dam domna domtu damu
f damet
imperfect m ndum ddum jdum ndumu ddumu jdumu
f ddum
imperative dum dumu

Etymology 2 edit

From Arabicإِدَام(ʔidām).

Noun edit

dam m

  1. tallow

Middle English edit

Etymology 1 edit

From Old English *damm, from Proto-West Germanic *damm.

Alternative forms edit

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

dam

  1. dam (structure to block water)
  2. body of water
Descendants edit
References edit

Etymology 2 edit

Noun edit

dam

  1. Alternative form of dame

Etymology 3 edit

Noun edit

dam

  1. (when preceding labials) Alternative form of dan

Middle Irish edit

Etymology edit

From Old Irish dam.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

dam m (genitive daim)

  1. ox
    • c. 1000, Anonymous; published in (1935), Rudolf Thurneysen, editor, Scéla Mucca Meic Dathó, Dublin: Staionery Office, § 1, l. 12, page 2: “Dam ocus tinne in cach coiri. [[There was] an ox and a side of bacon in each cauldron.]”

Descendants edit

Mutation edit

Middle Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
dam dam
pronounced with /ð(ʲ)-/, later /ɣ(ʲ)-/
ndam
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further reading edit

Mokilese edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Oceanic *saman (outrigger), from Proto-Austronesian *saʀman (outrigger)

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

dam

  1. (nautical) outrigger

Possessive forms edit

Norwegian Bokmål edit

 
Norwegian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia no

Etymology 1 edit

From Danish dam, from Old Norse dammr m, damm n. The meaning dam (structure) probably comes from Middle Low German [Term?].

Noun edit

dam m (definite singular dammen, indefinite plural dammer, definite plural dammene)

  1. a pond
  2. a dam (structure)
Synonyms edit

Etymology 2 edit

From French jeu de dames.

Noun edit

dam m (definite singular dammen, indefinite plural dammer, definite plural dammene)

  1. the game of checkers (US) or draughts (UK)

References edit

Norwegian Nynorsk edit

 
Norwegian Nynorsk Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia nn

Etymology 1 edit

From Middle Norwegian dammr m, from Old Norse damm n. The meaning dam (structure) probably comes from Middle Low German [Term?].

Noun edit

dam m (definite singular dammen, indefinite plural dammar, definite plural dammane)

  1. a pond
  2. a dam (structure)
Synonyms edit

Etymology 2 edit

From French jeu de dames.

Noun edit

dam m (definite singular dammen, indefinite plural dammar, definite plural dammane)

  1. the game of checkers (US) or draughts (UK)

References edit

Occitan edit

Alternative forms edit

Pronunciation edit

Adverb edit

dam

  1. (Gascony) (accompaniment) with
    Cada an, que pujava peth Mont Valièr amont, dam eras vacas, nà amontanhar.
    (please add an English translation of this usage example)

Old Irish edit

Pronunciation edit

Etymology 1 edit

From Proto-Celtic *damos, from Proto-Indo-European *dm̥h₂-ó- (bull) (compare Albanian dem (bullock), Ancient Greek δάμαλος (dámalos, calf)), from *demh₂- (to tame) (compare Old Irish daimid (to allow, give in), Latin domō, English tame).

Noun edit

dam m (genitive daim)

  1. ox
    • c. 800, Würzburg Glosses on the Pauline Epistles, published in Thesaurus Palaeohibernicus (reprinted 1987, Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies), edited and with translations by Whitley Stokes and John Strachan, vol. I, pp. 499–712, Wb. 10d6
      .i. do·fuáircc .i. ar is bés leosom in daim do thúarcuin ind arbe
      Which tramples, i.e. for it is custom among them to have the oxen trample on the corn.
  2. stag
  3. (by extension) hero, champion
Declension edit
Masculine o-stem
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative dam damL daimL, doim
Vocative daim, doim damL daumuH, dumu, damu
Accusative damN damL daumuH, dumu, damu
Genitive daimL, doim dam damN
Dative daumL, dum, dam damaib damaib
Initial mutations of a following adjective:
  • H = triggers aspiration
  • L = triggers lenition
  • N = triggers nasalization
Derived terms edit
Descendants edit

Noun edit

dam f

  1. hind, cow (old feminine form of previous)

Etymology 2 edit

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Verb edit

dam

  1. inflection of daimid:
    1. first-person singular present subjunctive conjunct
    2. second-person singular imperative

·dam

  1. third-person singular present indicative conjunct of daimid

Etymology 3 edit

Pronoun edit

dam

  1. Alternative form of dom (to/for me)

Mutation edit

Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
dam dam
pronounced with /ð(ʲ)-/
ndam
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further reading edit

Polish edit

Pronunciation edit

Verb edit

dam

  1. first-person singular future of dać

Noun edit

dam

  1. genitive plural of dama

Rohingya edit

Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

From Magadhi Prakrit 𑀤𑀫𑁆𑀫 (damma), from Sanskrit দ্ৰম্ম (drámma), borrowed from Ancient Greek δραχμή (drakhmḗ). Cognate with Bengali দাম (dam).

Noun edit

dam (Hanifi spelling𐴊𐴝𐴔𐴢⁩)

  1. price
    Synonyms: dor, kimot

Romanian edit

Etymology edit

Borrowed from Ottoman Turkishدام(dam), from Old Turkic [script needed] (tam), from Proto-Turkic *tām.

Noun edit

dam n (plural damuri)

  1. cowshed

Declension edit

San Juan Guelavía Zapotec edit

Noun edit

dam

  1. owl

References edit

  • López Antonio, Joaquín; Jones, Ted; Jones, Kris (2012) Vocabulario breve del Zapoteco de San Juan Guelavía[3] (in Spanish), second electronic edition, Tlalpan, D.F.: Instituto Lingüístico de Verano, A.C., pages 14, 23, 40

Sumerian edit

Romanization edit

dam

  1. Romanization of 𒁮 (dam)

Swedish edit

Etymology edit

From French dame.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

dam c

  1. a lady, a woman
  2. (card games, chess, checkers) a queen
    ruter damqueen of diamonds

Declension edit

Declension of dam 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative dam damen damer damerna
Genitive dams damens damers damernas

Synonyms edit

Derived terms edit

See also edit

Chess pieces in Swedish · schackpjäser (schack + pjäser) (layout · text)
           
kung dam, drottning torn löpare springare, häst bonde
Playing cards in Swedish · kort (layout · text)
             
ess, äss tvåa, två trea, tre fyra femma, fem sexa, sex sjua, sju
             
åtta nia, nio tia, tio knekt dam, drottning kung joker

References edit

Turkish edit

Etymology edit

From Ottoman Turkishطام(dam), from Old Turkic [script needed] (tam), from Proto-Turkic *tām. Cognate with Uyghurتام(tam, wall).

Compare Korean (dam, wall). (Can this(+) etymology be sourced?)

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

dam (definite accusative damı, plural damlar)

  1. roof
  2. cowshed, sheep cote (a structure where animals are held)
    • 2005, Teoman Ergül, İşgal: "Padişah Efendimizin konukları" (İnkılâp Kitabevi Yayınları)‎[4], İnkılâp, →ISBN, →OCLC, page 281:
      ... damdaki hayvanlar huysuzlaştılar . Bir ara dayıbaşının öksürüğünü yanlarında duydular , alelacele otların arkasında saklandılar . Hüsmen onları görmedi . Hayvanların yerinde olduğunu görünce , kafasını iki yana sallayarak çekip gitti ...
      ... the animals in the cote became grumpy. At one point, they heard the uncle's cough next to them, and they hurriedly hid behind the grass. Husmen did not see them. When he saw that the animals were in place, he shook his head and walked away...
  3. (figurative, informal) lockup, jail
    • 2005 June 1, Prof. Dr. Gürsel Aytaç, Edebiyat yazıları 1 (Ed. dizisi)‎[5], Gündoğan Yayınları, →ISBN, →LCCN, →OCLC, page 61:
      ... dama tıktılar, mapus damına tıktılaaar!.. Yetiş!..» diye avaz avaz bağırmış, sonra da yaşlı kadının güven veren kollarına düşmüş bayılmışçasına kendinden geçmiş, dalgın, mutlu, tam attmı ahırdan çıkarmıştı ki, kapı çalındı. Kapı ...
      They put him in the can, they put him in the slammer!.. Come on!.. " he shouted at the top of his voice, and then he fell into the reassuring arms of the old woman, ecstatic, pensive, happy, as if he had fainted. He had just taken his horse out of the stable when there was a knock on the door.

Uzbek edit

Noun edit

dam (plural damlar)

  1. moment, second

Vietnamese edit

Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Vietic *k-taːm; ultimately from Proto-Mon-Khmer *kt₁aam (crab). ‹d› here is the result of lenition (Proto-Vietic *k-t- > Middle Vietnamese ‹d› /ð/ > Modern Vietnamese ‹d›). Compare đam, the form with unlenited initial consonant.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

(classifier con) dam

  1. (North Central Vietnam) field crab; freshwater crab
    Dù ai béo bạo như tru,
    Về đất Kẻ Ngù cũng tóm như dam
    Ai mà gầy tóm như dam
    Về đất nhà Chàng, cũng béo như tru
    Whosoever as fat and ferocious as the buffalo,
    when coming to Kẻ Ngù, they'll be as lean as the crab.
    Whosoever as lean as the crab,
    when coming home to Chàng, they'll be as fat as the buffalo

Zoogocho Zapotec edit

Noun edit

dam

  1. owl

References edit

  • Long C., Rebecca; Cruz M., Sofronio (2000) Diccionario zapoteco de San Bartolomé Zoogocho, Oaxaca (Serie de vocabularios y diccionarios indígenas “Mariano Silva y Aceves”; 38)‎[6] (in Spanish), second electronic edition, Coyoacán, D.F.: Instituto Lingüístico de Verano, A.C., page 215