dam

See also: Dam, dám, đảm, da̰m, and đầm

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Wikipedia-logo.png
 Dam (disambiguation) on Wikipedia

Wikipedia

SymbolEdit

dam

  1. (metrology) Symbol for the decameter (decametre), an SI unit of length equal to 101 meters (metres).

EnglishEdit

Wikipedia-logo.png
 Dam (disambiguation) on Wikipedia

Wikipedia

A dam

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Middle English dam, damme, from Old English *dam, *damm (inferred from derivative fordemman ‎(to hem in)), from Proto-Germanic *dammaz.

NounEdit

dam ‎(plural dams)

  1. A structure placed across a flowing body of water to stop the flow.
    A dam is often an essential source of water to farmers of hilly country.
    • 1913, Robert Barr, chapter 4, in Lord Stranleigh Abroad[1]:
      Nothing could be more business-like than the construction of the stout dams, and nothing more gently rural than the limpid lakes, with the grand old forest trees marshalled round their margins … .
    • 2013 August 16, John Vidal, “Dams endanger ecology of Himalayas”, in The Guardian Weekly, volume 189, number 10, page 8:
      Most of the Himalayan rivers have been relatively untouched by dams near their sources. Now the two great Asian powers, India and China, are rushing to harness them as they cut through some of the world's deepest valleys.
  2. (dentistry) A device to prevent a tooth from getting wet, consisting of a rubber sheet held with a band.
  3. (South Africa, Australia) A reservoir.
  4. A firebrick wall, or a stone, which forms the front of the hearth of a blast furnace.
  5. (India) An obsolete Indian copper coin, equal to a fortieth of a rupee.
    • 1839, William Holloway, A General Dictionary of Provincialisms, Written with a View to Rescue from Oblivion the Fast Fading Relics of By-gone Days, Lewes, East Sussex: Sussex Press: Printed and published by Baxter and Son, OCLC 3138091, page 42:
      [] A small Indian coin; whence comes the saying "I don't care a dam for you," that is I don't value you a farthing, and not as generally given, "I don't care a damn" or a "curse for you." [Possibly a folk etymology.]
TranslationsEdit

ReferencesEdit


VerbEdit

dam ‎(third-person singular simple present dams, present participle damming, simple past and past participle dammed)

  1. To block the flow of water.
TranslationsEdit
See alsoEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Variant of dame.

NounEdit

dam ‎(plural dams)

  1. Female parent, mother, generally regarding breeding of animals (correlative to sire).
    • Shakespeare
      The dam runs lowing up and down, / Looking the way her harmless young one went.
    • 1603, John Florio, translating Michel de Montaigne, Essays, II.12:
      Hunters assure us, that to chuse the best dog, and which they purpose to keepe from out a litter of other young whelps, there is no better meane than the damme herselfe [].
    • 1819, Lord Byron, Don Juan, I:
      she / Resolved that Juan should be quite a paragon, / And worthy of the noblest pedigree / (His sire was from Castile, his dam from Aragon) [].
    • 1974, Lawrence Durrell, Monsieur, Faber & Faber, 1992, p.112:
      The sky was cloudless—the moon rolled across the surface like a lamb searching for its dam.
  2. A kind of crowned piece in the game of draughts.
TranslationsEdit

AnagramsEdit

External linksEdit


Crimean TatarEdit

NounEdit

dam

  1. stable
  2. roof
  3. taste

DeclensionEdit

SynonymsEdit


DanishEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Old Norse dammr ‎(dam).

NounEdit

dam c (singular definite dammen, plural indefinite damme)

  1. pond
Derived termsEdit
InflectionEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Borrowing from French jeu de dames ‎(draughts).

NounEdit

dam c, n

  1. draughts, checkers

Etymology 3Edit

Borrowing from French dame ‎(lady).

NounEdit

dam c (singular definite dammen, plural indefinite dammer)

  1. king (superior piece in draughts)
InflectionEdit

DutchEdit

Dutch Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia nl

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

dam m ‎(plural dammen, diminutive dammetje n)

  1. dam

Derived termsEdit

VerbEdit

dam

  1. first-person singular present indicative of dammen
  2. imperative of dammen

FrenchEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin damnum.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

dam m ‎(plural dams)

  1. (obsolete except in phrases) damage
  2. (religion) damnation

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

AnagramsEdit

External linksEdit


FriulianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin damnum.

NounEdit

dam m ‎(plural dams)

  1. damage

SynonymsEdit

Related termsEdit


IrishEdit

PronounEdit

dam ‎(emphatic form damsa)

  1. Alternative form of dom ‎(for/to me)

LojbanEdit

RafsiEdit

dam

  1. rafsi of danmo.

MalteseEdit

VerbEdit

dam

  1. dally, stall

Norwegian BokmålEdit

Norwegian Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia no

EtymologyEdit

From Middle Norwegian dammr m, from Old Norse damm n. The meaning dam (structure) probably comes from Middle Low German. Sense 3 is from French jeu de dames.

NounEdit

dam m ‎(definite singular dammen, indefinite plural dammer, definite plural dammene)

  1. a pond
  2. a dam (structure)
  3. the game of checkers (US) or draughts (UK)

ReferencesEdit


Norwegian NynorskEdit

Norwegian Nynorsk Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia nn

EtymologyEdit

From Middle Norwegian dammr m, from Old Norse damm n. The meaning dam (structure) probably comes from Middle Low German. Sense 3 is from French jeu de dames.

NounEdit

dam m ‎(definite singular dammen, indefinite plural dammar, definite plural dammane)

  1. a pond
  2. a dam (structure)
  3. the game of checkers (US) or draughts (UK)

ReferencesEdit


Old IrishEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Proto-Celtic *damos ‎(bull), from Proto-Indo-European *demh₂-

NounEdit

dam m ‎(genitive daim)

  1. ox
  2. stag
  3. (by extension) hero, champion
DeclensionEdit
  • Alternative forms:
    genitive singular, nominative plural: doim
    dative singular: dum, dam
    accusative plural: dumu, damu
DescendantsEdit

NounEdit

dam f

  1. hind, cow (old feminine form of previous)

Etymology 2Edit

Inflected forms of daimid.

VerbEdit

dam

  1. first-person singular present subjunctive conjunct of daimid
  2. Alternative form of daim

·dam

  1. Alternative form of ·daim

MutationEdit

Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
dam dam
pronounced with /ð(ʲ)-/
ndam
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

ReferencesEdit

  • 1 dam” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.
  • 2 dam” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.

PolishEdit

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

dam

  1. first-person singular present of dać

NounEdit

dam

  1. genitive plural of dama

RohingyaEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Bengali.

NounEdit

dam

  1. price

SwedishEdit

TurkishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Turkic [script needed] ‎(tam), from Proto-Turkic *Tām ‎(roof; wall; hut), which, according to the controversial Altaic hypothesis, is possibly derived from Proto-Altaic *t`āma ‎(wall, roof).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

dam ‎(definite accusative damı, plural damlar)

  1. roof

ReferencesEdit


UzbekEdit

NounEdit

dam ‎(plural damlar)

  1. bellows
Read in another language