ArmenianEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Old Armenian բաց (bacʿ).

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

բաց (bacʿ) (superlative ամենաբաց)

  1. open, not closed
    Antonym: փակ (pʿak)
    բաց դուռbacʿ duṙopen door
DeclensionEdit
Related termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

բաց (bacʿ)

  1. Bats (language)
DeclensionEdit
SynonymsEdit

Old ArmenianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From բաց- (bacʿ-), the aorist stem of բանամ (banam, to open).

AdjectiveEdit

բաց (bacʿ)

  1. open, uncovered
    բացաւ գլխովbacʿaw glxovwith an uncovered head, bareheaded; impudently
    աչօք բացօք, բացաւ աչօք ոչ զոք տեսանէրačʿōkʿ bacʿōkʿ, bacʿaw ačʿōkʿ očʿ zokʿ tesanērwith the eyes open, he saw nothing
    բացաւ երեսօք, բացօք երեսօքbacʿaw eresōkʿ, bacʿōkʿ eresōkʿwith an uncovered head, bareheaded; impudently
    թողուլ ի բաց զքաղաքնtʿołul i bacʿ zkʿałakʿnto leave open the gates of a city
    ի բաց է դուռնi bacʿ ē duṙnthe door is open
    ի բաց ունել զգլուխնi bacʿ unel zgluxnto have the head uncovered
    ի բա՛ց գնաi bácʿ gnago away!
    ի բաց գնացէք յինէնi bacʿ gnacʿēkʿ yinēngo away from me!
    բացէ ի բաց, ի բացbacʿē i bacʿ, i bacʿfar, very far; quite; out, abroad
    բաց ի բացbacʿ i bacʿopenly, evidently
    բացուստ ի բացbacʿust i bacʿfrom afar; far
    ի բացիi bacʿiin a field, out of the city, in the country, in the open air, under the open sky
    ի բաց առնելi bacʿ aṙnelto remove, to send away
    ի բաց առնուլi bacʿ aṙnulto subtract, to take away; to remove
    քաջ ի բաց անցանել զբազմօքkʿaǰ i bacʿ ancʿanel zbazmōkʿto surpass many
    ի բաց բառնալi bacʿ baṙnalto take away
    երթալ ի բաց, ի բաց գնալertʿal i bacʿ, i bacʿ gnalto go away, to depart
    ի բաց եդաւ ձմեռնային ցրտութիւնi bacʿ edaw jmeṙnayin cʿrtutʿiwnthe rigour of winter is past
    ի բաց քակել զաղաղակնi bacʿ kʿakel załałaknto cease from crying
    ի բաց տար, ի բաց անդր տարi bacʿ tar, i bacʿ andr tarnever! no! God forbid! come along! fy!
    բաց իbacʿ iexcept, excepted, besides, save; without

Usage notesEdit

Among Hellenophile authors serves as a prefix with the meaning "apo-, ex-, away", in calques of Ancient Greek words with ἐκ (ek) and ἀπό (apó), for example բաց-արձակ (bacʿ-arjak) = ἀπό-λυτος (apó-lutos), բաց-ա-տրեմ (bacʿ-a-trem) = ἀπο-τίθημι (apo-títhēmi).

DeclensionEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • Armenian: բաց (bacʿ)

ReferencesEdit

  • Ačaṙean, Hračʿeay (1971), “բանալ”, in Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words] (in Armenian), volume I, 2nd edition, reprint of the original 1926–1935 seven-volume edition, Yerevan: University Press, pages 403–404
  • Awetikʿean, G.; Siwrmēlean, X.; Awgerean, M. (1836), “բաց”, in Nor baṙgirkʿ haykazean lezui [New Dictionary of the Armenian Language] (in Old Armenian), volume I, Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy, pages 469—470
  • Petrosean, H. Matatʿeay V. (1879), “բաց”, in Nor Baṙagirkʿ Hay-Angliarēn [New Dictionary Armenian–English], Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy, page 98ab