Ancient Greek edit

Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Hellenic *apó, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂epó (off, away).

Cognates include Mycenaean Greek 𐀀𐀢 (a-pu), Sanskrit अप (ápa, away, off), Latin ab (from), Proto-Slavic *po, and Proto-Germanic *ab (English of; see also after), Albanian pa (without).

The genitive is from the PIE ablative of separation or cause.

Pronunciation edit


Preposition edit

ᾰ̓πό (apó) (governs the genitive)

  1. from, away from
  2. because of, as a result of
  3. in the name of

Usage notes edit

As is the case with most Greek prepositions, ἀπό is a versatile word which can take the idiom of a number of English words. To further complicate matters, in Koine Greek, the distinctions between various prepositions are often blurred, leading to ἀπό fulfilling functions classically reserved for words such as ἐκ, ὑπό, and παρά.

Derived terms edit

Related terms edit

Descendants edit

  • Greek: από (apó)

References edit