Aramaic

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Etymology

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From Akkadian 𒌚𒉈 (Abum).

Noun

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אַב (ʾaḇm

  1. absolute form of אַבָּא (ʾabbā)

Proper noun

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אָב (ʾāvm

  1. August
  2. Av

Descendants

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  • Classical Syriac: ܐܒ (ʾāv)
    • Arabic: آب (ʔāb)
  • Assyrian Neo-Aramaic: ܐܵܒ (ʾāb)
  • Turoyo: ܐܳܒ (ʾob)

References

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  • ˀb2”, in The Comprehensive Aramaic Lexicon Project, Cincinnati: Hebrew Union College, 1986–
  • Jastrow, Marcus (1903) A Dictionary of the Targumim, the Talmud Babli and Yerushalmi, and the Midrashic Literature, London, New York: Luzac & Co., G.P. Putnam's Sons, page 1

Hebrew

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Etymology 1

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Root
א־ב (ʾ-b)

From Proto-Semitic *ʔabw-. Doublet of אַבָּא (ába), which was borrowed from Aramaic. Cognate with Arabic أب.

Pronunciation

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Noun

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אָב ('ávm (plural indefinite אָבוֹת, singular construct אֲבִי־, feminine counterpart אֵם)

  1. father, male parent
    • 2016, March 31, nrg
      יו"ר מרצ גלאון אמרה בעקבות שיחתו של נתניהו עם אבי החייל היורה מחברון: []
      Yo"R [yoshévet rósh] mérets gal'ón 'am'rá b'ik'vót sikható shel n'tanyáhu 'im 'aví hakhayál hayoré mekhevrón: []
      Chairman of Meretz Gal-On said, following Netanyahu's conversation with the father of the shooting soldier from Hebron: []
  2. ancestor, forefather
  3. progenitor
  4. originator
  5. prototype
Usage notes
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  • In Modern Hebrew, the singular construct form אַב is also used.
Declension
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Derived terms
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Noun

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אַב (av)

  1. singular construct state form of אָב ('av).

Etymology 2

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From Akkadian 𒌚𒉈 (Abum).

Proper noun

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אָב ('ávm

  1. Av, the fifth month of the Jewish calendar (of thirty days) beginning between the eighth of July and the seventh of August, and ending between the sixth of August and the fifth of September.
    • a. 217 C.E., Mishnah, Ta'anit 4:6:
      חֲמִשָּׁה דְבָרִים אֵרְעוּ אֶת אֲבוֹתֵינוּ בְּשִׁבְעָה עָשָׂר בְּתַמּוּז וַחֲמִשָּׁה בְּתִשְׁעָה בְאָב.
      Ḥamishá d'varím er'ú et avoténu b-shiv'a 'asár b-Tammúz, va-ḥamishá b-tish'á b-Av.
      Five things befell our ancestors on the seventeenth of Tammuz, and five things on the ninth of Av.
    • a. 500 C.E., Babylonian Talmud, Ta'anit 29a:
      אָמַר רַב יְהוּדָה בְּרֵיהּ דְּרַב שְׁמוּאֵל בַּר שִׁילַת מִשְּׁמֵיהּ דְּרַב: כְּשֵׁם שֶׁמִּשֶּׁנִּכְנַס אָב מְמַעֲטִין בְּשִׂמְחָה — כָּךְ מִשֶּׁנִּכְנַס אֲדָר מַרְבִּין בְּשִׂמְחָה.
      Amár Rav Y'hudá b'reih d-rav Shmuél bar Shilat mi-shmeih d-Rav: k-shem she-mi-she-nikhnás Av m'ma'tín b-simḥá — kakh mi-she-nikhnás Adár marbín b-simḥá.
      Said R. Judah son of Rav Shmuel son of Sheilath, in the name of Rav: just as when Av comes one decreases rejoicing, so too when Adar comes one increases rejoicing.
Descendants
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See also
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Etymology 3

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Root
א־ב־ב (ʾ-b-b)

Related to Akkadian 𒄧 (inbum), Arabic أَبّ (ʔabb, meadow), Aramaic אִנְבָּא.

Pronunciation

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Noun

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אֵב ('évm (plural indefinite איבים / אִבִּים) [pattern: קֵטֶל]

  1. swelling, spreading.
  2. the young shoots of a tree, opposed to the branches growing directly from the trunk.
    • Tanach, Song of Songs 6:11, with translation of the Jewish Publication Society:
      אֶל־גִּנַּת אֱגוֹז יָרַדְתִּי לִרְאוֹת בְּאִבֵּי הַנָּחַל
      el-ginnát egóz yarádti lir.ot bəibbḗ hannáḥal
      I went down into the garden of nuts, to look at the green plants of the valley
  3. (in the plural) state of growth, development
Derived terms
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Anagrams

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