Arabic

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Etymology

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From the root ء ت ي (ʔ-t-y). Compare Aramaic אֲתָא (ʾăṯā, to come), Ge'ez አተወ (ʾätäwä, to go home), Ugaritic 𐎀𐎚𐎆 (ảtw, to come).

Pronunciation

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Verb

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أَتَى (ʔatā) I, non-past يَأْتِي‎ (yaʔtī)

  1. (transitive, intransitive) to come
  2. (transitive) to bring [with بِ (bi) ‘what’]
    • 609–632 CE, Qur'an, 18:19:
      [] فَلْيَنْظُرْ أَيُّهَا أَزْكَى طَعَامًا فَلْيَأْتِكُمْ بِرِزْقٍ مِنْهُ وَلْيَتَلَطَّفْ وَلَا يُشْعِرَنَّ بِكُمْ أَحَدًا
      [] falyanẓur ʔayyuhā ʔazkā ṭaʕāman falyaʔtikum birizqin minhu walyatalaṭṭaf walā yušʕiranna bikum ʔaḥadan
      (please add an English translation of this quotation)
  3. to come up with, to bring forth, to create, to invent, to think of
  4. (transitive) to do, to commit, to perpetrate
    أَتَى جُرْمًاʔatā jurmanHe has committed a crime.
    • 609–632 CE, Qur'an, 65:1:
      يَا أَيُّهَا النَّبِيُّ إِذَا طَلَّقْتُمُ النِّسَاءَ فَطَلِّقُوهُنَّ لِعِدَّتِهِنَّ وَأَحْصُوا الْعِدَّةَ وَٱتَّقُوا اللّٰهَ رَبَّكُمْ لَا تُخْرِجُوهُنَّ مِن بُيُوتِهِنَّ وَلَا يَخْرُجْنَ إِلَّا أَن يَأْتِينَ بِفٰحِشَةٍ مُّبَيِّنَةٍ
      yā ʔayyuhā n-nabiyyu ʔiḏā ṭallaqtumu n-nisāʔa faṭalliqūhunna liʕiddatihinna waʔaḥṣū l-ʕiddata wattaqū llāha rabbakum lā tuḵrijūhunna min buyūtihinna walā yaḵrujna ʔillā ʔan yaʔtīna bifāḥišatin mmubayyinatin
      O Prophet, when you [Muslims] divorce women, divorce them for [the commencement of] their waiting period and keep count of the waiting period, and fear God, your Lord. Do not turn them out of their [husbands'] houses, nor should they [themselves] leave [during that period] unless they are committing a clear immorality.
    • Abu al-Aswad al-Du'ali
      لَا تَنْهَ عَنْ خُلُقٍ وَتَأْتِيَ مِثْلَهُ / عَارٌ عَلَيْكَ إِذَا فَعَلْتَ عَظِيمُ
      lā tanha ʕan ḵuluqin wataʔtiya miṯlahu / ʕārun ʕalayka ʔiḏā faʕalta ʕaẓīmu
      You shall not forbid proper things and do such / great shame upon you if you do things.
  5. (euphemistic, transitive) to cohabit, to sleep with
    • Quran 2:222
      فَإِذَا تَطَهَّرْنَ فَأْتُوهُنَّ مِنْ حَيْثُ أَمَرَكُمُ اللهُ
      faʔiḏā taṭahharna faʔtūhunna min ḥayṯu ʔamarakumu llāhu
      (please add an English translation of this quotation)
  6. to destroy [with عَلَى (ʕalā) ‘what’]
    أَتَتِ النَّارُ عَلَى الْمَنْزِل
    ʔatati n-nāru ʕalā l-manzil
    The fire has destroyed the house.
    Synonyms: see Thesaurus:أفنى
  7. to come upon [with عَلَى (ʕalā) ‘what’]
    • Quran 51:42
      مَا تَذَرُ مِن شَيْءٍ أَتَتْ عَلَيْهِ إِلَّا جَعَلَتْهُ كَالرَّمِيمِ
      (please add an English translation of this quotation)

Conjugation

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Synonyms

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References

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