See also: commît



Borrowed from Latin committō (to bring together, join, compare, commit (a wrong), incur, give in charge, etc.), from com- (together) + mittō (to send). See mission.


  • IPA(key): /kəˈmɪt/
  • Rhymes: -ɪt
  • Hyphenation: com‧mit
  • (file)


commit (third-person singular simple present commits, present participle committing, simple past and past participle committed)

  1. (transitive) To give in trust; to put into charge or keeping; to entrust; to consign; used with to or formerly unto.
  2. (transitive) To put in charge of a jailer; to imprison.
  3. (transitive) To have (a person) enter an establishment, such as a hospital or asylum, as a patient.
    Tony should be committed to a nuthouse!
  4. (transitive) To do (something bad); to perpetrate, as a crime, sin, or fault.
    to commit murder
    to commit a series of heinous crimes
  5. (intransitive, obsolete) To enter into a contest; to match; often followed by with[1].
    • 1616, Benjamin Jonson [i.e., Ben Jonson], “Poetaster”, in The Workes of Ben Jonson (First Folio), London: [] Will[iam] Stansby, OCLC 960101342, page 348:
      For, in theſe ſtrifes, and on ſuch perſons, were as wretched to affect a victorie, as it is vnhappy to be committed with them.
    • 1677, Richard Gilpin, “part II, chapter VII”, in Dæmonologia Sacra[1], London: J. D., page 313:
      [] and from hence ( as when Fire and Water are committed together ) ariſeth a most troubleſome conflict.
    • 1877 [4 March 1804], quoting Lord Castlereagh, “part II, chapter VII”, in Sidney James Owen, editor, Selection from the Despatches, Treaties, and Other Papers of the Marquess Wellesley [] [2], Oxford: Clarendon Press, page 263:
      [] whilst it commits us in hostility with the three greatest military powers of the empire.
  6. (transitive, intransitive) To pledge or bind; to compromise, expose, or endanger by some decisive act or preliminary step. (Traditionally used only reflexively but now also without oneself etc.)[2]
    to commit oneself to a certain action
    to commit to a relationship
    • 8 March, 1769, Junius, letter to the Duke of Grafton
      You might have satisfied every duty of political friendship, without committing the honour of your sovereign.
    • 1803, John Marshall, The Life of George Washington
      Any sudden assent to the proposal [] might possibly be considered as committing the faith of the United States.
  7. (transitive, computing) To make a set of changes permanent.
  8. (transitive, obsolete, Latinism) To confound.
    • 1673, John Milton, “Sonnet XIII. To Mr. H. Lawes, on his Aires.”, in Poems, &c. upon Several Occaſions., London: Printed for Tho. Dring [] , OCLC 1050806759, page 57:
      Harry whoſe tuneful and well meaſur'd Song
       Firſt taught our Engliſh Muſick how to ſpan
       Words with juſt note and accent, not to ſcan
       With Midas Ears, committing ſhort and long;
  9. (obsolete, intransitive) To commit an offence; especially, to fornicate.
  10. (obsolete, intransitive) To be committed or perpetrated; to take place; to occur.
    • 1749, Henry Fielding, chapter VIII, in The History of Tom Jones, a Foundling, volume II, London: A[ndrew] Millar [], OCLC 928184292, book IV, page 51:
      As a vaſt Herd of Cows in a rich Farmer's Yard, if, while they are milked, they hear their Calves at a Diſtance, lamenting the Robbery which is then committing, roar and bellow: So roared forth the Somerſetſhire Mob an Hallaloo, made up of almoſt as many Squawls, Screams, and other different Sounds, as there were Perſons, or indeed Paſſions, among them: []

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit



  1. ^ James A. H. Murray [et al.], editors (1884–1928), “Commit, v.”, in A New English Dictionary on Historical Principles (Oxford English Dictionary), volume II (C), London: Clarendon Press, OCLC 15566697, page 684, column 1.
  2. ^

Further readingEdit


English Wikipedia has an article on:

commit (plural commits)

  1. (computing) The act of committing (e.g. a database transaction or source code into a source control repository), making it a permanent change.
    • 1988, Klaus R Dittrich, Advances in Object-Oriented Database Systems: 2nd International Workshop:
      To support locking and process synchronization independently of transaction commits, the server provides semaphore objects...
    • 2009, Jon Loeliger, Version Control with Git:
      Every Git commit represents a single, atomic changeset with respect to the previous state.






  1. third-person singular past historic of commettre