From Middle English bryngen, from Old English bringan, from Proto-West Germanic *bringan, from Proto-Germanic *bringaną (“to bring”), from Proto-Indo-European *bʰrenk-, possibly based on *bʰer-.
Compare West Frisian bringe, Low German bringen, Dutch brengen, German bringen; also Welsh hebrwng (“to bring, lead”), Tocharian B pränk- (“to take away; restrain oneself, hold back”), Latvian brankti (“lying close”), Lithuanian branktas (“whiffletree”).
bring (third-person singular simple present brings, present participle bringing, simple past and past participle brought)
- (transitive, ditransitive) To transport toward somebody/somewhere.
- Waiter, please bring me a single malt whiskey.
- a1420, The British Museum Additional MS, 12,056, “Wounds complicated by the Dislocation of a Bone”, in Robert von Fleischhacker, editor, Lanfranc's "Science of cirurgie.", London: K. Paul, Trench, Trübner & Co, translation of original by Lanfranc of Milan, published 1894, →ISBN, page 63:
- Ne take noon hede to brynge togidere þe parties of þe boon þat is to-broken or dislocate, til viij. daies ben goon in þe wyntir, & v. in þe somer; for þanne it schal make quytture, and be sikir from swellynge; & þanne brynge togidere þe brynkis eiþer þe disiuncture after þe techynge þat schal be seid in þe chapitle of algebra.
- 1892, Walter Besant, chapter II, in The Ivory Gate […], New York, N.Y.: Harper & Brothers, […], →OCLC:
- At twilight in the summer […] the mice come out. They […] eat the luncheon crumbs. Mr. Checkly, for instance, always brought his dinner in a paper parcel in his coat-tail pocket, and ate it when so disposed, sprinkling crumbs lavishly […] on the floor.
- 1963, Margery Allingham, chapter 5, in The China Governess:
- A waiter brought his aperitif, which was a small scotch and soda, and as he sipped it gratefully he sighed. ¶ ‘Civilized,’ he said to Mr. Campion. ‘Humanizing.’ […] ‘Cigars and summer days and women in big hats with swansdown face-powder, that's what it reminds me of.’
- 2012 August 21, Pilkington, Ed, “Death penalty on trial: should Reggie Clemons live or die?”, in The Guardian:
- Next month, Clemons will be brought before a court presided over by a "special master", who will review the case one last time.
- (transitive, figuratively) To supply or contribute.
- The new company director brought a fresh perspective on sales and marketing.
- 1910, Emerson Hough, chapter I, in The Purchase Price: Or The Cause of Compromise, Indianapolis, Ind.: The Bobbs-Merrill Company, →OCLC:
- “ […] it is not fair of you to bring against mankind double weapons ! Dangerous enough you are as woman alone, without bringing to your aid those gifts of mind suited to problems which men have been accustomed to arrogate to themselves.”
- (transitive) To occasion or bring about.
- The controversial TV broadcast brought a storm of complaints.
- (transitive) To raise (a lawsuit, charges, etc.) against somebody.
- 2013 August 10, “Can China clean up fast enough?”, in The Economist, volume 408, number 8848:
- It has jailed environmental activists and is planning to limit the power of judicial oversight by handing a state-approved body a monopoly over bringing environmental lawsuits.
- To persuade; to induce; to draw; to lead; to guide.
- 1689 (indicated as 1690), [John Locke], chapter 2, in An Essay Concerning Humane Understanding. […], London: […] Eliz[abeth] Holt, for Thomas Basset, […], →OCLC, book I, page 11:
- It seems so preposterous a thing […] that they do not easily bring themselves to it.
- To produce in exchange; to sell for; to fetch.
- What does coal bring per ton?
- (baseball) To pitch, often referring to a particularly hard thrown fastball.
- The closer Jones can really bring it.
|present tense||past tense|
|1st-person singular||bring||brought, brang*, bringed**|
|2nd-person singular||bring, bringest†||brought, brang*, bringed**, broughtest†|
|3rd-person singular||brings, bringeth†||brought, brang*, bringed**|
|subjunctive||bring||brought, brang*, bringed**|
|participles||bringing||brought, brung*, broughten*, bringed**|
- Past brang and past participle brung and broughten forms are sometimes used in some dialects, especially in informal speech.
- April showers bring May flowers
- bring a knife to a gunfight
- bring about
- bring an end to
- bring around
- bring back
- bring centre
- bring coals to Newcastle
- bring down
- bring down a notch
- bring down a peg
- bring down the curtain
- bring down the hammer
- bring down the house
- bring down to size
- bring forth
- bring forward
- bring forwards
- bring home
- bring home the bacon
- bring in
- bring into line
- bring into play
- bring it
- bring it on
- bring it weak
- bring low
- bring off
- bring on
- bring one's arse to an anchor
- bring one's own hide to market
- bring oneself to
- bring out
- bring out in a rash
- bring over
- bring owls to Athens
- bring round
- bring sand to the beach
- bring the curtain down
- bring the house down
- bring the lumber
- bring the wood
- bring to
- bring to a boil
- bring to a head
- bring to an end
- bring to bear
- bring to bed
- bring to book
- bring to heel
- bring to justice
- bring to life
- bring to light
- bring to mind
- bring to naught
- bring to nought
- bring to one's knees
- bring to order
- bring to pass
- bring to terms
- bring to the hammer
- bring to the party
- bring to the table
- bring together
- bring under
- bring up
- bring up against
- bring up short
- bring up the rear
- bring up to
- bring upon
- bring-and-buy sale
- The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.
- The sound of a telephone ringing.
- breng (archaic)
From Dutch bringen, a dialectal variant of standard brengen (“to bring”). Both forms were originally distinct, though related, verbs, but were early on conflated.
bring (present bring, present participle bringende, past participle gebring)
- (transitive) to bring; to deliver
- (transitive) to take; to lead (to another place)
- Bring asseblief hierdie borde kombuis toe.
- Please, take these dishes to the kitchen.
- Bring asseblief hierdie borde kombuis toe.
- imperative of bringe
(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)
- Alternative form of bryngen
From Old Frisian bringa, which derives from Proto-West Germanic *bringan. Cognates include West Frisian bringe.
- (Föhr-Amrum), (Heligoland) to bring
|infinitive II||tu bringen|
|1st-person singular||ik bring||ik broocht|
|2nd-person singular||dü brangst||dü broochst|
|3rd-person singular||hi/hat/at brangt||hi/hat/at broocht|
|1st-person dual||wat bring||wat broocht|
|2nd-person dual||jat bring||jat broocht|
|1st-person plural||wi bring||wi broocht|
|2nd-person plural||jam bring||jam broocht|
|3rd-person plural||jo bring||jo broocht|
|1st-person singular||ik haa broocht||ik hed broocht|
|2nd-person singular||dü heest broocht||dü hedst broocht|
|3rd-person singular||hi/hat/at hee broocht||hi/hat/at hed broocht|
|1st-person dual||wat haa broocht||wat hed broocht|
|2nd-person dual||jat haa broocht||jat hed broocht|
|1st-person plural||wi haa broocht||wi hed broocht|
|2nd-person plural||jam haa broocht||jam hed broocht|
|3rd-person plural||jo haa broocht||jo hed broocht|
|future (skel)||future (wel)|
|1st-person singular||ik skal bring||ik wal bring|
|2nd-person singular||dü skääl bring||dü wääl bring|
|3rd-person singular||hi/hat/at skal bring||hi/hat/at wal bring|
|1st-person dual||wat skel bring||wat wel bring|
|2nd-person dual||jat skel bring||jat wel bring|
|1st-person plural||wi skel bring||wi wel bring|
|2nd-person plural||jam skel bring||jam wel bring|
|3rd-person plural||jo skel bring||jo wel bring|
- imperative of bringe
From Middle English bryngen, from Old English bringan.
bring (third-person singular simple present brings, present participle bringin, simple past brocht, past participle brocht)
- To bring.