See also: ادریس

Arabic edit

Etymology edit

Uncertain, formally a borrowing, candidates suggested include:

Islamic theologists took the name as from أَدْرَسَ(ʔadrasa, to teach) from the root د ر س(d-r-s), in spite of the pattern إِفْعِيل (ʔifʕīl) having been unproductive even by the time of Islam, leading to the equation with the biblical Enoch, whose name derives from Biblical Hebrew חינוך(education). Enoch is generally depicted as a man of science, and is sometimes credited for inventing the art of writing and astronomy.

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /ʔid.riːs/
    • (Moroccan) IPA(key): /ʔid.riːs/, /driːs/
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Proper noun edit

إِدْرِيس (ʔidrīsm

  1. (Islam) Idris, Idrees, a figure in the Islamic narrative.
    • 609–632 CE, Qur'an, 19:56:
      وَٱذۡكُرۡ فِی ٱلۡكِتَـٰبِ إِدۡرِیسَۚ إِنَّهُۥ كَانَ صِدِّیقࣰا نَّبِیࣰّا
      wa-ḏkur fī l-kitābi ʾidrīsa ʾinnahū kāna ṣiddīqan nabiyyan
      And mention in the Book, Idrees. Indeed, he was a man of truth and a prophet.
  2. a male given name

Declension edit

See also edit

References edit

  1. ^ Nöldeke, Theodor (1903), “Idris”, in Zeitschrift für Assyriologie und verwandte Gebiete[1] (in German), volume 17, pages 83–84
  2. ^ Grimme, Hubert (1912), “Über einige Klassen südarabischer Lehnwörter im Koran”, in Zeitschrift für Assyriologie und verwandte Gebiete[2] (in German), volume 26, page 164
  3. ^ Hartmann, Richard (1910), “Zur Erklärung von Sūre 18, 59 ff.”, in Zeitschrift für Assyriologie und verwandte Gebiete[3] (in German), volume 24, pages 314–315
  4. ^ Albright, William Foxwell (1922), “[Review of] Boylan, Patrick, Thoth, the Hermes of Egypt. Pp. VIII+215 (8 vo.), Humphrey Milford, Oxford University Press, etc., 1922”, in Journal of the Palestine Oriental Society, volume 2, pages 197–198
  5. ^ Casanova, Paul (1924), “Idrīs et ʿOuzaïr”, in Journal asiatique[4] (in French), volume 205, pages 356–360
  6. ^ Torrey, Charles Cutler (1933) The Jewish foundation of Islam[5], New York: Jewish Institute of Religion Press – Bloch Publishing Co., Agents, page 72
  7. ^ Erder, Yoram (1990), “The Origin of the Name Idrīs in the Qurʾān: A Study of the Influence of Qumran Literature on Early Islam”, in Journal of Near Eastern Studies[6], volume 49, issue 4, page 342 seqq.