See also: پز, پر, بز, تز, ثر, بر, بژ, ير, and یر

Arabic

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Etymology 1

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Borrowed from Aramaic תּוֹרָא (tōrā, line, row; cord, band), from Akkadian 𒄙 (/⁠turru, ṭurru⁠/, yarn, twine, wire, string; a twist of fibers), considered possibly a loan from or influenced by Sumerian 𒄙 (dur, strip) or natively inherited from Proto-Semitic *t-w-r- (to go about, to circle, to turn about, to encompass, to come around again; plaiting, braiding). Also compare Hebrew תּוֹר (tōr, line) and potentially related term Persian تار (târ, cord, string) possibly influenced by phono-semantic matching.

Noun

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تُرّ (turrm

  1. plumb line
    Synonyms: إِمَام (ʔimām), شَاقُول (šāqūl), مِطْمَار (miṭmār), مِطْمَر (miṭmar), فَادِن (fādin)
Declension
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Verb

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تَرَّ (tarra) I, non-past يَتُرُّ or يَتِرُّ‎ (yaturru or yatirru)

  1. to become severed, to become cut off
Conjugation
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Noun

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تَرّ (tarrm

  1. verbal noun of تَرَّ (tarra) (form I)
Declension
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Etymology 2

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Verb

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تَرَ (tara) (form I)

  1. second-person masculine singular non-past active jussive of رَأَى (raʔā)
  2. third-person feminine singular non-past active jussive of رَأَى (raʔā)

Verb

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تُرَ (tura) (form I)

  1. second-person masculine singular non-past passive jussive of رَأَى (raʔā)
  2. third-person feminine singular non-past passive jussive of رَأَى (raʔā)

Etymology 3

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Verb

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تِرْ (tir) (form I)

  1. second-person masculine singular active imperative of وَتَرَ (watara)

Etymology 4

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Verb

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تُرِ (turi) (form IV)

  1. second-person masculine singular non-past active jussive of أَرَى (ʔarā)
  2. third-person feminine singular non-past active jussive of أَرَى (ʔarā)

Verb

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تُرَ (tura) (form IV)

  1. second-person masculine singular non-past passive jussive of أَرَى (ʔarā)
  2. third-person feminine singular non-past passive jussive of أَرَى (ʔarā)

References

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  • twr4”, in The Comprehensive Aramaic Lexicon Project, Cincinnati: Hebrew Union College, 1986–
  • Dozy, Reinhart Pieter Anne (1881) “تر”, in Supplément aux dictionnaires arabes[1] (in French), volume 1, Leiden: E. J. Brill, page 142
  • Fraenkel, Siegmund (1886) Die aramäischen Fremdwörter im Arabischen (in German), Leiden: E. J. Brill, page 255
  • Freytag, Georg (1830) “تر”, in Lexicon arabico-latinum praesertim ex Djeuharii Firuzabadiique et aliorum Arabum operibus adhibitis Golii quoque et aliorum libris confectum[2] (in Latin), volume 1, Halle: C. A. Schwetschke, page 187
  • Kazimirski, Albin de Biberstein (1860) “تر”, in Dictionnaire arabe-français contenant toutes les racines de la langue arabe, leurs dérivés, tant dans l’idiome vulgaire que dans l’idiome littéral, ainsi que les dialectes d’Alger et de Maroc[3] (in French), volume 1, Paris: Maisonneuve et Cie, page 194
  • Lane, Edward William (1863) “تر”, in Arabic-English Lexicon[4], London: Williams & Norgate, pages 299–300
  • Löw, Immanuel (1924) Die Flora der Juden[5] (in German), volume 2, Wien und Leipzig: R. Löwit, page 332
  • Steingass, Francis Joseph (1884) “تر”, in The Student's Arabic–English Dictionary[6], London: W.H. Allen, page 168
  • Wahrmund, Adolf (1887) “تر”, in Handwörterbuch der neu-arabischen und deutschen Sprache[7] (in German), volume 1, Gießen: J. Ricker’sche Buchhandlung, page 310

Azerbaijani

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Noun

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تر (definite accusative تری, plural ترلر)

  1. Arabic spelling of tər

Central Kurdish

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Etymology

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From Proto-Iranian *-tarah, from Proto-Indo-European *-teros.

Pronunciation

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Suffix

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-تِر (-tir)

  1. A suffix forming the comparative degree of an adjective.

See also

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Khalaj

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Noun

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تَر (tər) (definite accusative تَری, plural تَرلَر)

  1. Arabic spelling of tər (sweat)

Declension

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Kipchak

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Etymology

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From Proto-Turkic *tẹr (sweat).

Noun

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تر (tär)

  1. sweat

Descendants

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  • North Kipchak
    • Bashkir: тир (tir)
    • Tatar: тир (tir)
  • West Kipchak
  • Central Kipchak
  • East Kipchak

References

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Ottoman Turkish

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Etymology 1

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From Proto-Turkic *tẹr (sweat).

Pronunciation

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Noun

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تر (ter)

  1. sweat (also figurative)
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Descendants
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Etymology 2

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Onomatopoeic

Pronunciation

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Interjection

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تر (tır)

  1. used to imitate a tremble or vibrating sound, falling nails or the like, also a cat’s purr
Alternative forms
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Etymology 3

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From Persian تر (tar).

Pronunciation

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Noun

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تر (ter)

  1. humid, wet, moist, damp
    Synonym: یاش (yaş)
  2. fresh, not flaccid, juicy
    Synonym: تازه (taze)
    تر و تازهter ve taze, terütazefresh and juicy
Descendants
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Etymology 4

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From Persian تر (tar).

Adverb

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تر (ter)

  1. more than the others, excessively, much, quite (also in compounds, and written together or not)

Persian

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Etymology 1

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From Middle Persian [script needed] (tl’, LCDr /⁠tarr⁠/, wet, moist).

Pronunciation

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Readings
Classical reading? tar
Dari reading? tar
Iranian reading? tar
Tajik reading? tar

Adjective

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تر (tar)

  1. moist, wet
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Etymology 2

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Inherited from Middle Persian [Book Pahlavi needed] (-tl /⁠-tar⁠/, suffix forming comparative adjectives), ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *-teros.

Suffix

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تر (-tar)

  1. A suffix forming the comparative degree of an adjective.
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References

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  • MacKenzie, D. N. (1971) “-tar”, in A concise Pahlavi dictionary, London, New York, Toronto: Oxford University Press, page 82