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ArabicEdit

 
خَيْزُرَان
 خيزران‎ on Arabic Wikipedia

EtymologyEdit

Originally attested in Pre-Islamic poetry, like that of an-Nābighah (c.535–c.604), as being abundant in the land of the Byzantines. Although of uncertain identification, it was a kind of plant with pliable twigs or roots that were deemed desirable for spear-making, later being applied to bamboo. Compare Hebrew חָזַר(chazár, to return, to bounce back), Akkadian 𒄑𒋗𒌨 (ḫinzūru, apple tree, apricot tree), Ugaritic 𐎈𐎏𐎗 (ḥḏr, apple tree), Akkadian 𒆹 (ḫazru, flooded area, swamp, reed marsh); perhaps ultimately derived from Sumerian 𒄑 (gidru, scepter, cane).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

خَيْزُرَان (ḵayzurānm (collective, singulative خَيْزُرَانَة(ḵayzurāna), paucal خَيْزُرَانَات(ḵayzurānāt), plural خَيَازِر(ḵayāzir))

  1. bamboo, rattan
  2. reed, cane
  3. spear, shaft
  4. any limber or pliable stick
  5. scepter, a pointer
  6. oar, a pole used to propel a boat
  7. rudder, till, tiller, helm of a ship
  8. (music) reed, pipes
  9. (figuratively) a beautiful woman; comparably slender and supple

DeclensionEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • Löw, Immanuel (1928) Die Flora der Juden[1] (in German), volume 1, Wien und Leipzig: R. Löwit, pages 690–692
  • Wehr, Hans; Kropfitsch, Lorenz (1985), “خيزران”, in Arabisches Wörterbuch für die Schriftsprache der Gegenwart (in German), 5th edition, Wiesbaden: Otto Harrassowitz, published 2011, →ISBN, page 332
  • Lane, Edward William (1863), “خيزران”, in Arabic-English Lexicon, London: Williams & Norgate, page 732
  • Olmo Lete, Gregorio del; Sanmartín, Joaquín; Watson, Wilfred G. E. (2015), “ḥḏrṯ”, in A Dictionary of the Ugaritic Language in the Alphabetic Tradition (Handbook of Oriental Studies; 112), 3rd edition, Leiden: Brill, →ISBN, page 357
  • Black, Jeremy; George, Andrew; Postgate, Nicholas (1976), “ḫinzūru”, in A Concise Dictionary of Akkadian, 2nd corrected edition, Wiesbaden: Otto Harrassowitz Verlag, page 117
  • Black, Jeremy; George, Andrew; Postgate, Nicholas (1976), “ḫazru”, in A Concise Dictionary of Akkadian, 2nd corrected edition, Wiesbaden: Otto Harrassowitz Verlag, page 113
  • The Pennsylvania Sumerian Dictionary[2], University of Pennsylvania, 2006