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ArabicEdit

PersianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle Persian [script needed] (MHYTWN-n /zadan/) (root [script needed] (zn- /zan-/)), from Old Persian 𐎩𐎫𐎡𐎹 (j-t-i-y /jaⁿtiy/, to strike, defeat) (root [Term?] (/ja(n)-/)), from Proto-Iranian *ǰántī, from Proto-Indo-Iranian *ǰʰánti, from Proto-Indo-European *gʷʰénti (to slay, strike).[1] Cognate with Younger Avestan 𐬘𐬀𐬌𐬧𐬙𐬌(jaiṇti), Sanskrit हन्ति (hánti).

PronunciationEdit

Dari Persian زدن
Iranian Persian زدن
Tajiki Persian задан (zadan)

VerbEdit

زدن (zadan) (present stem ﺯن(zan))

  1. to beat, hit, strike
  2. to play (an instrument)
    من پیانو می‌زنم و دوست من گیتار می‌زند.‎‎ (more literary)
    man piyâno mi-zanam va dust-e man gitâr mi-zanad.
    من پیانو می‌زنم و دوستم گیتار می‌زنه.‎‎ (more colloquial)
    man piyâno mi-zanam o dustam gitâr mi-zane.
    I play piano and my friend plays guitar.

ConjugationEdit

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Cheung, Johnny (2007), “*ǰan”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Iranian Verb (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 2), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 224