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ArabicEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From the root ظ ف ر(ẓ-f-r), inherited from Proto-Semitic *θ̣upr-, *θ̣ipr-.

Alternative formsEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ðˤufr/
    • (file)
  • IPA(key): /ðˤu.fur/
  • IPA(key): /ðˤifr/

NounEdit

ظُفْر or ظُفُر or ظِفْر (ẓufr or ẓufur or ẓifrm (plural أَظْفَار(ʾaẓfār) or أَظْفُر(ʾaẓfur) or أَظَافِير(ʾaẓāfīr))

  1. fingernail
  2. claw
DeclensionEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From the root ظ ف ر(ẓ-f-r).

Pronunciation 1Edit

VerbEdit

ظَفِرَ (ẓafira) I, non-past يَظْفَرُ‎‎ (yaẓfaru) [+ بِ(object)] and [+ عَلَى(object)]

  1. to triumph over, to win, to superate
  2. to win, to gain, to receive
ConjugationEdit

Pronunciation 2Edit

VerbEdit

ظَفَّرَ (ẓaffara) II, non-past يُظَفِّرُ‎‎ (yuẓaffiru)

  1. to grant victory
ConjugationEdit

Pronunciation 3Edit

NounEdit

ظَفَر (ẓafarm

  1. verbal noun of ظَفِرَ (ẓafira) (form I)
  2. obtainment, success, victory
  3. level ground
DeclensionEdit
DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • Freytag, Georg (1835), “ظفر”, in Lexicon arabico-latinum praesertim ex Djeuharii Firuzabadiique et aliorum Arabum operibus adhibitis Golii quoque et aliorum libris confectum (in Latin), volume 3, Halle: C. A. Schwetschke, page 87–88
  • Lane, Edward William (1863), “ظفر”, in Arabic-English Lexicon, London: Williams & Norgate, page 1912
  • Steingass, Francis Joseph (1884), “ظفر”, in The Student's Arabic–English Dictionary, London: W.H. Allen, page 656
  • Wehr, Hans; Kropfitsch, Lorenz (1985), “ظفر”, in Arabisches Wörterbuch für die Schriftsprache der Gegenwart (in German), 5th edition, Wiesbaden: Otto Harrassowitz, published 2011, →ISBN, page 800

AzerbaijaniEdit

Other scripts
Cyrillic зәфәр
Roman zəfər
Perso-Arabic ظفر

EtymologyEdit

Ultimately from Arabic ظَفَر(ẓafar).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

ظفر (zəfər) (definite accusative ظفری‎, plural ظفرلر‎)

  1. victory, triumph

DeclensionEdit


Hijazi ArabicEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Arabic ظُفْر(ẓufr).

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /dˤifir/, [dˤe̞fe̞r]
    • IPA(key): /ðˤifir/ (alternative or rural pronunciation)

NounEdit

طِفِر (ḍifirm (plural أظافر‎ ‎(ʾaḍāfir) or أظافير‎ ‎(ʾaḍāfīr))

  1. nail
  2. fingernail

Ottoman TurkishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Arabic ظُفْر(ẓufr).

NounEdit

ظفر (zafer)

  1. victory, triumph

DescendantsEdit


PersianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Arabic ظُفْر(ẓufr).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

ظفر (zafar)

  1. victory, triumph

UrduEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Arabic ظُفْر(ẓufr).

NounEdit

ظفر (zafarm (Hindi spelling ज़फ़र)

  1. victory, triumph
  2. profit, gain
  3. success