چکنا

UrduEdit

Pronunciation 1Edit

EtymologyEdit

Inherited from Prakrit 𑀘𑀺𑀓𑁆𑀓𑀡 (cikkaṇa) + Middle Indo-Aryan -𑀓- (-ka-), from Sanskrit चिक्कण (cikkaṇa).

AdjectiveEdit

چِکْنا (ciknā) (Hindi spelling चिकना)

  1. smooth, polished; slippery
DeclensionEdit
Declension of چکنا
masculine feminine
singular plural singular plural
direct چِکْنا(ciknā) چِکْنے(cikne) چِکْنی(ciknī) چِکْنی(ciknī)
indirect چِکْنے(cikne) چِکْنے(cikne) چِکْنی(ciknī) چِکْنی(ciknī)
vocative چِکْنے(cikne) چِکْنے(cikne) چِکْنی(ciknī) چِکْنی(ciknī)

Pronunciation 2Edit

EtymologyEdit

Inherited from Prakrit 𑀘𑀼𑀓𑁆𑀓𑀇 (cukkaï), from Ashokan Prakrit *𑀘𑀼𑀓𑁆𑀓𑀢𑀺 (*cukkati).

VerbEdit

چُکْنا (cuknā) (Hindi spelling चुकना) (intransitive)

  1. to be settled
  2. to be paid off, repaid (e.g. a debt)
  3. to be finished, completed
ConjugationEdit


  • Note: The second-person polite form آپ‎ (āp) uses the third-person plural conjugation.

Pronunciation 3Edit

Etymology 1Edit

Inherited from Sanskrit *चक्यते (cakyate, to tremble (out of fear, astonishment, bewilderment, etc.)). Related to چَکِت(cakit).

VerbEdit

چَکْنا (caknā) (Hindi spelling चकना) (intransitive)

  1. to be astonished, bewildered, surprised, or amazed
ConjugationEdit


  • Note: The second-person polite form آپ‎ (āp) uses the third-person plural conjugation.

Etymology 2Edit

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

VerbEdit

چَکْنا (caknā) (Hindi spelling चकना) (transitive)

  1. alternative form of چَکْھنا(cakhnā, to experience; taste; suffer; enjoy)

Further readingEdit

  • Platts, John T. (1884), “چکنا”, in A dictionary of Urdu, classical Hindi, and English, London: W. H. Allen & Co., page 436
  • چکنا”, in Rekhta Dictionary [Urdu dictionary with meanings in Hindi & English], Noida, India: Rekhta Foundation, 2021.
  • Qureshi, Bashir Ahmad (1971), “چکنا”, in Kitabistan's 20th Century Standard Dictionary‎, Lahore: Kitabistan Pub. Co., page 255
  • Turner, Ralph Lilley (1969–1985), “ciknā”, in A Comparative Dictionary of the Indo-Aryan Languages, London: Oxford University Press, page 259
  • Turner, Ralph Lilley (1969–1985), “caknā”, in A Comparative Dictionary of the Indo-Aryan Languages, London: Oxford University Press, page 246