کردن

See also: گردن

Central KurdishEdit

VerbEdit

Northern Kurdish kirin
Southern Kurdish کردن (kirdin)
Laki کردن (kirdin)

کردن (kirdin) (present stem کە-(ke-))

  1. to do

ConjugationEdit

Derived termsEdit

Terms derived from کردن

See alsoEdit


PersianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle Persian OBYDWN-tn’, krtn’ (kardan), from Old Persian [script needed] (kar-, to do, make, build), from Proto-Indo-Iranian *kar- (to do, make), from Proto-Indo-European *kʷer- (to do, make, construct). Modern Indo-Iranian cognates include Ossetian кӕнын (kænyn), конд (kond), Pashto کول(kawël, krël), Baluchi [script needed] (kan-, ku(r)t-), Northern Kurdish kirin / кьрьн (kirin), кь- (ki-), Zazaki [Term?] (kerdiš, ken-), and Hindustani करना (karnā) / کرنا(karnā).

The generic root for "to do, make" has developed in a wide range of specific activities, which have been preserved in old derivations such as: سگالیدن(segâlidan, to think, meditate), پیکر(peykar, picture, statue), نگاشتن(negâštan, to paint), انگاشتن(engâštan, to suppose; believe, consider), پنگاشتن(pengâštan, paint, figure, write).

PronunciationEdit

  • Vocalised Persian: كَردَن
  • IPA(key): /kæɾˈdæn/, [kʲæɾˈdæn]
  • (file)
  • (dialectal, Mashhad, Yazd, Shiraz: some people, Bushehr, Hamadan, Abadeh, Khesht, Konartakhteh, Dashtestan) IPA(key): /keɾˈdæn/, [kʲeɾˈdæn]
  • (Colloquial Dari) IPA(key): [kʰaˈd̪an]

VerbEdit

Dari Persian کردن
Iranian Persian
Tajik кардан (kardan)

کردن (kardan) (present stem کن(kon))

  1. to do
  2. to make
  3. (vulgar) to engage in a sexual act with

Usage notesEdit

کردن(kardan) is often used to make verbs from nouns and adjectives. The resulting compound verb is conjugated as shown below with the invariant prefix.

ConjugationEdit

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit


Southern KurdishEdit

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

کردن (kirdin) (Latin script kirdin‎)

  1. (transitive) to do, to make (to perform an action)

Derived termsEdit