Open main menu

Alviri-VidariEdit

AdverbEdit

کو (ko)

  1. (interrogative) where

Related termsEdit


DeccaniEdit

EtymologyEdit

Ultimately from a derivative of Sanskrit कृ (kṛ, to do). Compare Hindi को (ko) / Urdu کو(ko), Braj कौ (kau).

PostpositionEdit

کو ()

  1. marks the dative case: to
    میرے کو‎ ― mere kūto me

MalayEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

Shortened form of اکو(aku), from Proto-Malayic *aku, from Proto-Malayo-Chamic *aku, from Proto-Malayo-Sumbawan *aku, from Proto-Sunda-Sulawesi *aku, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *aku, from Proto-Austronesian *aku.

PronunciationEdit

PronounEdit

کو (Rumi spelling ku‎)

  1. I (personal pronoun)
  2. me (direct object of a verb)
  3. me (object of a preposition)
  4. me (indirect object of a verb)
  5. my (belonging to me)

Usage notesEdit

  • Not appropriate when the audience is anyone who is elder or of higher status.

Derived termsEdit

See alsoEdit


UrduEdit

EtymologyEdit

Ultimately from a derivative of Sanskrit कृ (kṛ, to do). Compare Braj कौ (kau), Assamese -ক (-k).

PronunciationEdit

PostpositionEdit

کو (ko) Hindi spelling: को (ko)

  1. marks the dative case: to
    میرے بھائی کو پانی دیں۔‎‎ ― mere bhāī ko pānī dẽ.Please give some water to my elder brother.
    لاہور کو‎ ― lāhaur koto Lahore
    اوپر کو‎ ― ūpar koupwards
  2. in, at the time of
    میں شام کو گھر لوٹوں گا۔‎‎ ― ma͠i śām ko ghar lauṭū̃ gā.I will return home in the evening.

Usage notesEdit

کو(ko) marks the dative. It can be used as a postfix similar to -wards (e.g. اوپر کو (ūpar ko, upwards); آگے کو (āge ko, afterwards)).

It is suffixed to oblique forms of pronouns as well, e.g. the dative of میں(ma͠i, I) is مجھ کو (mujh ko).

ReferencesEdit

  • McGregor, Ronald Stuart (1993), “को”, in The Oxford Hindi-English Dictionary, London: Oxford University Press
  • Platts, John T. (1884), “کو”, in A dictionary of Urdu, classical Hindi, and English, London: W. H. Allen & co.
  • Turner, Ralph Lilley (1969–1985), “”, in A Comparative Dictionary of the Indo-Aryan Languages, London: Oxford University Press