Classical SyriacEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Akkadian 𒆗𒉌𒈾 (danninu, netherworld; source of earthquakes; the inaccessible land where the dead remain), ultimately from Proto-Semitic *dnn/*tnn (to be mighty, to be strong; to be fortified, to be long lasting, to stay at a place; to rumble, to earthquake, to shake with a booming noise). Also found as Jewish Palestinian Aramaic, Jewish Literary Aramaic, Jewish Babylonian Aramaic תַּנִּינָא(tannīnā), Arabic تِنِّين(tinnīn), Hebrew תַּנִּין(tannīn), Ugaritic 𐎚𐎐𐎐 (tnn), Ge'ez ተመን (tämän), Tigrinya ተመን (tämän), Amharic ተመን (tämän).


  • IPA(key): [tanninɑ] (singular)
  • IPA(key): [tannine] (plural)


ܬܢܝܢܐ (tannīnām (plural ܬܢܝܢܐ (tannīnē))

  1. dragon, sea serpent, monster
  2. snake, serpent, adder
  3. (alchemy) spice-box, slender perforated bronze vessel used to hold dry herbs

Proper nounEdit

ܬܢܝܢܐ (tannīnām

  1. (religion, figuratively) Satan, the Devil
  2. (astronomy) Draco

Etymology 2Edit

From the root ܬ-ܢ-ܐ(t-n-ʾ) related to recounting.


  • IPA(key): [tɛnjɑnɑ] (singular)
  • IPA(key): [tɛnjɑne] (plural)


ܬܢܝܢܐ (tenyānām (plural ܬܢܝܢܐ, singular feminine counterpart ܬܢܝܢܬܐ‎)

  1. second, double
  2. two-years old


ܬܢܝܢܐ (tenyānām (plural ܬܢܝܢܐ (tenyānē))

  1. iteration, repetition, recitation
  2. citing, recounting
  3. tale, story
  4. commemoration
  5. grandson
  6. two-year old
  7. young, offspring
  8. mate, cellmate
  9. representative, subprior, second-in-command


  • “tnyn”, in The Comprehensive Aramaic Lexicon Project[1], Cincinnati: Hebrew Union College, 1986–
  • “tnyn”, in The Comprehensive Aramaic Lexicon Project[2], Cincinnati: Hebrew Union College, 1986–
  • Costaz, Louis, Dictionnaire syriaque-français ∙ Syriac–English Dictionary ∙ قاموس سرياني-عربي, 3rd edition, Beirut: Dar El-Machreq, 2002, page 394a-b
  • Payne Smith, Jessie, A Compendious Syriac Dictionary Founded Upon the Thesaurus Syriacus of R. Payne Smith, D.D., Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1903, pages 616b-617a
  • Sokoloff, Michael, A Syriac Lexicon: A Translation from the Latin, Correction, Expansion, and Update of C. Brockelmann's Lexicon Syriacum, Winona Lake, Indiana; Piscataway, New Jersey: Eisenbrauns; Gorgias Press, 2009, page 1655b