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HindiEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Sanskrit दान (dāna).

NounEdit

दान (dānm

  1. gift, offering, something given

Old GujaratiEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Sanskrit दान (dāná).

NounEdit

दान (dānan

  1. gift

PaliEdit

Alternative formsEdit

NounEdit

दान n

  1. Devanagari script form of dāna

SanskritEdit

 
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Etymology 1Edit

From Proto-Indo-Iranian *dáHnam, from Proto-Indo-European *déh₃nom (gift), from *deh₃- (to give) (whence ददाति (dádāti, to give)). Cognate with Latin dōnum (gift) and Old Irish dán (poem).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

दान (dā́nan

  1. gift, alms, donation
  2. generosity, giving
  3. (Buddhism, Hinduism) the practice of cultivating generosity; dana
    • Brihadaranyaka Upanishad, 5.2.3 (c. 700 BC):
      तदेतत्त्रयँ शिक्षेद् दमं दानं दयामिति
      tadetattrayam̐ śikṣed damaṃ dānaṃ dayāmiti
      Learn three cardinal virtues - self restraint, charity and compassion for all life.

DeclensionEdit

Neuter a-stem declension of दान (dā́na)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative दानम्
dā́nam
दाने
dā́ne
दानानि / दाना¹
dā́nāni / dā́nā¹
Vocative दान
dā́na
दाने
dā́ne
दानानि / दाना¹
dā́nāni / dā́nā¹
Accusative दानम्
dā́nam
दाने
dā́ne
दानानि / दाना¹
dā́nāni / dā́nā¹
Instrumental दानेन
dā́nena
दानाभ्याम्
dā́nābhyām
दानैः / दानेभिः¹
dā́naiḥ / dā́nebhiḥ¹
Dative दानाय
dā́nāya
दानाभ्याम्
dā́nābhyām
दानेभ्यः
dā́nebhyaḥ
Ablative दानात्
dā́nāt
दानाभ्याम्
dā́nābhyām
दानेभ्यः
dā́nebhyaḥ
Genitive दानस्य
dā́nasya
दानयोः
dā́nayoḥ
दानानाम्
dā́nānām
Locative दाने
dā́ne
दानयोः
dā́nayoḥ
दानेषु
dā́neṣu
Notes
  • ¹Vedic

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From √dā, variant of √do ("divide, cut, reap, mow"). Cognate to Ancient Greek δαίω (daíō, to divide).

NounEdit

दान (dā́nan

  1. cutting off, splitting, dividing
  2. pasture, meadow

DeclensionEdit

Neuter a-stem declension of दान (dā́na)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative दानम्
dā́nam
दाने
dā́ne
दानानि / दाना¹
dā́nāni / dā́nā¹
Vocative दान
dā́na
दाने
dā́ne
दानानि / दाना¹
dā́nāni / dā́nā¹
Accusative दानम्
dā́nam
दाने
dā́ne
दानानि / दाना¹
dā́nāni / dā́nā¹
Instrumental दानेन
dā́nena
दानाभ्याम्
dā́nābhyām
दानैः / दानेभिः¹
dā́naiḥ / dā́nebhiḥ¹
Dative दानाय
dā́nāya
दानाभ्याम्
dā́nābhyām
दानेभ्यः
dā́nebhyaḥ
Ablative दानात्
dā́nāt
दानाभ्याम्
dā́nābhyām
दानेभ्यः
dā́nebhyaḥ
Genitive दानस्य
dā́nasya
दानयोः
dā́nayoḥ
दानानाम्
dā́nānām
Locative दाने
dā́ne
दानयोः
dā́nayoḥ
दानेषु
dā́neṣu
Notes
  • ¹Vedic

Further readingEdit