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From Proto-Indo-Aryan *ráwćati, from Proto-Indo-Iranian *ráwčati, from Proto-Indo-European *lewk- (white, light, bright). Cognate with Avestan 𐬭𐬀𐬊𐬗𐬀𐬥𐬙- (raocant-, shining), 𐬭𐬀𐬊𐬗𐬀𐬵‎ (raocah‎, light), Ancient Greek λευκός (leukós), Latin lūx, Old English lēoht (whence English light).


  • (Vedic) IPA(key): /ɽɐ́w.t͡ɕɐ.t̪ɐj/
  • (Classical) IPA(key): /ˈɽoː.t͡ɕɐ.t̪eː/
  • VerbEdit

    रोचते (rócate) (root रुच्, class 1, type ātmanepada)

    1. to shine, be bright or radiant or resplendent
    2. (only in perfect tense parasmai-pada) to make bright or resplendent
    3. to be splendid or beautiful or good
    4. to be agreeable to, please (+dative or genitive)
    5. to be pleased with, like (+accusative)
    6. to be desirous of, long for (+dative)
    7. (causative) to cause to shine
    8. (causative) to enlighten, illuminate, make bright
    9. (causative) to make pleasant or beautiful
    10. (causative) to cause any one (accusative) to long for anything (dative)
    11. (causative) to find pleasure in, like, approve, deem anything right (+ accusative or infinitive)
    12. (causative) to choose as (double accusative)
    13. (causative) to purpose, intend
    14. (passive) to be pleasant or agreeable to (+dative)
    15. (intensive) to shine bright


    • Sir Monier Monier-Williams (1898) A Sanskrit-English dictionary etymologically and philologically arranged with special reference to cognate Indo-European languages, Oxford: Clarendon Press, pages 0881, 0882