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From Proto-Indo-Iranian, from Proto-Indo-European *lewk- (white, light, bright). Cognates include Avestan raočant- ("shining"), raočah ("light"), Ancient Greek λευκός (leukós), Latin lūx and Old English noun lēoht (English light).


रोचते (rocate) (root रुच्, class 1, type ātmanepada)

  1. to shine, be bright or radiant or resplendent
  2. (only in perfect tense parasmai-pada) to make bright or resplendent
  3. to be splendid or beautiful or good
  4. to be agreeable to, please (+dative or genitive)
  5. to be pleased with, like (+accusative)
  6. to be desirous of, long for (+dative)
  7. (causative) to cause to shine
  8. (causative) to enlighten, illuminate, make bright
  9. (causative) to make pleasant or beautiful
  10. (causative) to cause any one (accusative) to long for anything (dative)
  11. (causative) to find pleasure in, like, approve, deem anything right (+ accusative or infinitive)
  12. (causative) to choose as (double accusative)
  13. (causative) to purpose, intend
  14. (passive) to be pleasant or agreeable to (+dative)
  15. (intensive) to shine bright


  • Sir Monier Monier-Williams (1898) A Sanskrit-English dictionary etymologically and philologically arranged with special reference to cognate Indo-European languages, Oxford: Clarendon Press, pages 0881, 0882