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SanskritEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Indo-Aryan *ṣṭʰíHwati, from Proto-Indo-Iranian *stčíHwati, from Proto-Indo-European *sp(t)yewH- (to spit, spew) (with metathesis of *-iwH- to *-iHw-, thus reflecting a pre-form *sp(t)iHw-), compare *(s)ptyēw-. Cognate with Old Armenian թուք (tʿukʿ), Persian تف(tuf, spittle), Ossetian ту (tu, spittle), Ancient Greek πτύω (ptúō, I spit out), Latin spuo (whence Italian sputare), Old Church Slavonic пльвати (plĭvati), Russian плевать (plevatʹ), Old English spīwan (whence English spew).

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

ष्ठीवति (ṣṭhī́vati) (class-1/4, root ष्ठीव् or ष्ठिव्) (Vedic stcīváti)

  1. to spit, spit out, expectorate, spit upon (locative) (Suśr., VarBṛS., Kathās.)

ReferencesEdit

Further readingEdit

  • Partial conjugation: class 1, class 4 (without causative, desiderative and intensive)