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From Proto-Italic *spujō, from Proto-Indo-European *stpuH-ie- (to spit, spew), *(s)ptyēw-. Akin to Ancient Greek πτύω (ptúō), Old English spīwan (whence modern English spew), Old Armenian թուք (tʿukʿ), Old Church Slavonic пльвати (plĭvati), Sanskrit ष्ठीवति (ṣṭhīvati).



spuō (present infinitive spuere, perfect active spuī, supine spūtum); third conjugation

  1. I spit, spew.


   Conjugation of spuo (third conjugation)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present spuō spuis spuit spuimus spuitis spuunt
imperfect spuēbam spuēbās spuēbat spuēbāmus spuēbātis spuēbant
future spuam spuēs spuet spuēmus spuētis spuent
perfect spuī spuistī spuit spuimus spuistis spuērunt, spuēre
pluperfect spueram spuerās spuerat spuerāmus spuerātis spuerant
future perfect spuerō spueris spuerit spuerimus spueritis spuerint
passive present spuor spueris, spuere spuitur spuimur spuiminī spuuntur
imperfect spuēbar spuēbāris, spuēbāre spuēbātur spuēbāmur spuēbāminī spuēbantur
future spuar spuēris, spuēre spuētur spuēmur spuēminī spuentur
perfect spūtus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect spūtus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect spūtus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present spuam spuās spuat spuāmus spuātis spuant
imperfect spuerem spuerēs spueret spuerēmus spuerētis spuerent
perfect spuerim spuerīs spuerit spuerīmus spuerītis spuerint
pluperfect spuissem spuissēs spuisset spuissēmus spuissētis spuissent
passive present spuar spuāris, spuāre spuātur spuāmur spuāminī spuantur
imperfect spuerer spuerēris, spuerēre spuerētur spuerēmur spuerēminī spuerentur
perfect spūtus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect spūtus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present spue spuite
future spuitō spuitō spuitōte spuuntō
passive present spuere spuiminī
future spuitor spuitor spuuntor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives spuere spuisse spūtūrus esse spuī spūtus esse spūtum īrī
participles spuēns spūtūrus spūtus spuendus
verbal nouns gerund supine
nominative genitive dative/ablative accusative accusative ablative
spuere spuendī spuendō spuendum spūtum spūtū

Derived termsEdit



  • spuo in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • spuo in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • spuo in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • De Vaan, Michiel (2008) Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill



Compare Italian sputo


spuo m (plural spui)

  1. spit

Related termsEdit