Contents

EnglishEdit

Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Abs

Abbreviation of abdominal muscles.

NounEdit

ab ‎(plural abs)

  1. (informal) abdominal muscle. [Mid 20th century.][1]
    • 2006, H. Peter Steeves, The Things Themselves (page 75)
      The bikinied models in most of the ESPN2 shows have abs. Many of the malnourished bikinied models in the commercials have visible rib cages. How did the two get conflated into a shared vision of beauty?
    • 2010, Bill Geiger, "6-pack Abs in 9 Weeks", Reps! 17:106
      When possible, do your ab workout on a day when you're not training a major muscle group [] .
Usage notesEdit

Most often used attributively. Substantive use is more common in the plural form abs.

TranslationsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Abbreviation of abscess.

NounEdit

ab ‎(plural abs)

  1. (slang) An abscess caused by injecting an illegal drug, usually heroin.
TranslationsEdit

Etymology 3Edit

Abbreviations, see definitions.

VerbEdit

ab

  1. Abbreviation of abort.

NounEdit

ab

  1. Abbreviation of abortion.

PrepositionEdit

ab

  1. Abbreviation of about.

AdverbEdit

ab

  1. Abbreviation of about.

Etymology 4Edit

From the spelling books and the fact that it was the first of the letter combinations.[2]

NounEdit

ab ‎(plural abs)

  1. (US) The early stages of; the beginning process; the start.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Lesley Brown (editor), The Shorter Oxford English Dictionary, 5th edition (Oxford University Press, 2003 [1933], ISBN 978-0-19-860575-7), page 2
  2. ^ Mathews, Mitford M, ed. A Dictionary of Americanisms on Historical Principles. 1st. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1956.
  • ab” in The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition, Houghton Mifflin Company, 2000.
  • "ab" in Merriam-Webster's Medical Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, 2002.
  • ab” in Dictionary.com Unabridged, v1.0.1, Lexico Publishing Group, 2006.

AnagramsEdit


AynuEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowing from Persian آب ‎(āb).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

ab

  1. water

ReferencesEdit

  • Otto Ladstätter, Andreas Tietze, Die Abdal (Äynu) in Xinjiang (1994)

BlagarEdit

NounEdit

ab

  1. fish

ReferencesEdit

  • A. Schapper (citing Steinhauer), Elevation in the spatial deictic systems of Alor-Pantar languages, in The Alor-Pantar languages: History and Typology, edited by Marian Klamer
  • ASJP, citing L. C. Robinson and G. Holton, Internal classification of the Alor-Pantar language family using computational methods applied to the lexicon (2012)

CatalanEdit

PrepositionEdit

ab

  1. (archaic) amb (with)

DanishEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Latin ab ‎(of, from).

PronunciationEdit

PrepositionEdit

ab

  1. ex (out of, sold from)
  2. from (with the origin in time)

Etymology 2Edit

See abe ‎(to ape, mimic).

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /aːb/, [æːˀb̥]

VerbEdit

ab

  1. imperative of abe

GermanEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • (Standard German) IPA(key): /ap/, [ʔäpʰ]
  • (Switzerland) IPA(key): /ab̥/
  • Rhymes: -ap

Etymology 1Edit

From Old High German ab, from Proto-Germanic *ab.

PrepositionEdit

ab

  1. Beginning at that time or location; from.
    Ab heute verfügbar.
    Available from today.
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From adverbial use of the preposition in verbs such as abschlagen, abgehen etc.

AdjectiveEdit

ab

  1. (colloquial) off; not attached to anything anymore
    Der Arm ist ab.
    The arm is (hewn) off.
  2. (nonstandard) off; not attached to anything anymore
    Der abbe Arm ist verschwunden.
    The (hewn) off arm has disappeared.
Usage notesEdit
  • The predicative use is common in colloquial German throughout the country.
  • The attributive forms are mostly used in Western and Northern Germany and are considerably less common than the predicative use. They used to be used mostly jocularly, but become gradually more frequent since they are much shorter than the appropriate full verb forms such as abgetrennt ‎(disconnected, severed).
  • The inflected attributive forms retain the devoiced consonant. Hence, sometimes they are spelled with P, rather than B: Appes Bein.

InterlinguaEdit

PrepositionEdit

ab

  1. from

IrishEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Latin abbas ‎(father), from Ancient Greek ἀββᾶς ‎(abbâs), from Aramaic אבא ‎(’abbā, father).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

ab m ‎(genitive singular aba, nominative plural abaí)

  1. (Christianity) abbot
DeclensionEdit
Coordinate termsEdit
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Contraction of the relative particle a and the prevocalic variant of the past/conditional copula particle b’.

PronunciationEdit

ParticleEdit

ab

  1. Alternative form of ba (used in relative clauses before a vowel sound).
    Fear maith ab ea é.
    He was a good man.
    buachaill ab áirde ná mo dheartháir‎ ― a boy (who was) taller than my brother
Related termsEdit

MutationEdit

Irish mutation
Radical Eclipsis with h-prothesis with t-prothesis
ab n-ab hab t-ab
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

ReferencesEdit


LatinEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Indo-European *h₂epo ‎(off, away) (English off, of). See also po-.

Alternative formsEdit

  • ā (not used before a vowel or h)

PronunciationEdit

PrepositionEdit

ab ‎(+ ablative)

  1. of, from, by, since

Usage notesEdit

  • Used in conjunction with passive verbs to mark the agent, e.g. Liber ā discipulō aperītur ("the book is opened by the student").

ReferencesEdit

  • Latin Dictionary, Lewis and Short, 1879.
  • Lingua Latina, Hans H. Ørberg, 2005.

LivonianEdit

EtymologyEdit

Compare Estonian abi ‎(help).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

a'b

  1. help
  2. (anatomy) shoulder

DeclensionEdit

Usage notesEdit

LĒL also features a partitive plural form with -īdi as in the example abīdi nustõ "to shrug."


OccitanEdit

EtymologyEdit

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions.

Alternative formsEdit

PronunciationEdit

PrepositionEdit

ab

  1. (Guardiol) with

Old High GermanEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Germanic *ab.

PrepositionEdit

ab

  1. of

Old FrenchEdit

EtymologyEdit

Reduced form of Latin apud.

PrepositionEdit

ab

  1. (10th century) with

SynonymsEdit

  • avoec (used throughout Old French into the Middle and modern French periods)

Old ProvençalEdit

EtymologyEdit

Reduced form of Latin apud

PrepositionEdit

ab

  1. with

DescendantsEdit


PumpokolEdit

NounEdit

ab

  1. father

RomaniEdit

NounEdit

ab m ‎(plural ab)

  1. river

Scottish GaelicEdit

NounEdit

ab m ‎(genitive singular aba, plural abachan)

  1. Alternative form of aba

TurkishEdit

Etymology 1Edit

PIE root
*h₂ep-

Borrowing from Persian آب ‎(āb).

NounEdit

ab

  1. (archaic) water

Etymology 2Edit

Borrowing from Arabic عَاب ‎('āb)

NounEdit

ab

  1. (archaic) defect, flaw, imperfection

VolapükEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowing from German aber ‎(but).

ConjunctionEdit

ab

  1. but
Read in another language