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EnglishEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Middle English un-, from Old English un-, from Proto-Germanic *un-, from Proto-Indo-European *n̥-. Cognate with Scots un-, on- (un-), North Frisian ün-, Saterland Frisian uun-, West Frisian ûn-, on-, Dutch on-, Low German un-, on-, German un-, Danish u-, Swedish o-, Norwegian u-, Icelandic ó-. More distant cognate with Latin in-, Ancient Greek ἀ- (a-) (whence English a-, modern Greek α- (a-)) and Sanskrit अ- (a-).

PrefixEdit

un-

  1. (added to adjectives or past participles) not
    unannounced — “not being announced”
    uneducated — “not educated”
    unattractive — “not attractive”
    unconstitutional — “not constitutional”
  2. (added to nouns) absent; lacking; not; negative
    ungrace (lack of grace, gracelessness)
    unrest (a lack of rest (peace); war)
    unhope (despair)
    unfriend (enemy)
    unrepair
    unluck (misfortune)
    unnova
    uncertainty (lack or absence of certainty)
  3. (added to nouns) contrary to or contrasted against traditional norms; unconventional; alternative
    unconference
    unmethod
Usage notesEdit
  • Some words formed in this way may also have counterparts using in- or non-.
Derived termsEdit


TranslationsEdit

NOTE: Words using the prefix un- do not necessarily use the prefixes given here when translated. See individual words for more accurate translations.

Etymology 2Edit

From Middle English on-, from Old English ond-, and- (against, facing, toward; in return, back, without), from Proto-Germanic *anda-, *andi- (against), from Proto-Indo-European *h₂énti (across, forth, forward, ahead), from *h₂ént- (end, limit, forehead). More at and-.

PrefixEdit

un-

  1. (added to verbs and nouns to form verbs) reverse, opposite
    to undress — “to take one's clothes off”
    to unwind — “to reverse a winding”
    to unlock — “to undo the locking of”
    • 1996, Diane Warren (writer), Toni Braxton (singer), “Un-Break My Heart”, Secrets, LaFace
      Un-cry these tears I cried so many nights / Un-break my heart
  2. release, free, remove, extract.
    to uncage — “to release from a cage”
    to untangle — “to remove the tangling of”
Usage notesEdit
  • Only certain words can take un- to form a new word with the opposite meaning. In particular, verbs that describe an irreversible action produce words often considered nonsense, e.g. unkill, unspend, unlose, unring. These words may nevertheless be in occasional use for humorous or other effect.
SynonymsEdit
TranslationsEdit

NOTE: Words using the prefix un- do not necessarily use the prefixes given here when translated. See individual words for more accurate translations.

Etymology 3Edit

From Latin ūnus.

PrefixEdit

un-

  1. Used to form temporary names of elements (such as unbiunium) whose existence has been predicted, and have not yet been given a trivial name.
SynonymsEdit

ReferencesEdit

AnagramsEdit


GermanEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Germanic *un-, from Proto-Indo-European *n̥-.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ʊn/, [ʔʊn]
  • In compounds, the prefix usually carries the stress, though there are exceptions to this.

PrefixEdit

un-

  1. un- (denoting absence, a lack of; violative of; contrary to)
  2. bad, grave
    Tiefe (depth) + ‎un- → ‎Untiefe (great depth)
    Tier (animal) + ‎un- → ‎Untier (beast, monster)
    Wetter (weather) + ‎un- → ‎Unwetter (severe weather)

Derived termsEdit



GothicEdit

RomanizationEdit

un-

  1. Romanization of 𐌿𐌽-

LuxembourgishEdit

PrefixEdit

un-

  1. used to form certain verbs that indicate an intensification of action [This definition needs to be checked.]

Derived termsEdit



ManxEdit

EtymologyEdit

From un (one, single).

PrefixEdit

un-

  1. uni-, mono-, one

Derived termsEdit



Old EnglishEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Proto-Germanic *un-, from Proto-Indo-European *n̥-, a prefix use of the particle *ne (not). Cognate with Old Saxon un-, Dutch on-, Old High German un- (German un-), Old Norse ó- (Swedish o-, Norwegian u-), and Gothic 𐌿𐌽- (un-). The Indo-European root is also the source of Ancient Greek α- (a-), αν- (an-), Latin in-, and Old Irish in-.

PrefixEdit

un-

  1. (added to nouns and adjectives) negation, privation, or absence of
  2. bad (used to denote a pejorative sense) (compare mis-, mal-)
    un- + ‎dǣd (action, deed, event, exploit) → ‎undǣd (un-deed, bad deed)
    un- + ‎lǣċe (physician, doctor) → ‎unlǣċe (bad physician)
  3. (added to verbs) down
    un- + ‎settan (to set, establish, place, make) → ‎unsettan (to set down, put down)

Etymology 2Edit

Originally identical with and-, from Proto-Germanic *and-. Cognate with Old Frisian und-, Old Saxon ant-, Old High German ant- (German ent-).

Alternative formsEdit

PrefixEdit

un-

  1. Forming verbs from verbs, with an opposite or reversive sense.