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EnglishEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Middle French prefixer (verb) resp. Late Latin praefixum (noun), both from Latin praefixus, past participle of praefīgō (I (fix, fasten, set up) in front”, “I fix on the (end, extremity)) (from prae- (before) + fīgō (I fix”, “I fasten”, “I affix)).

PronunciationEdit

  • (noun) IPA(key): /ˈpɹiːfɪks/
  • (verb) IPA(key): /ˈpɹiːfɪks/, /pɹiːˈfɪks/, /pɹɛˈfɪks/
  • (file)

NounEdit

prefix (plural prefixes)

  1. Something placed before another
    1. (grammar, linguistic morphology) A morpheme added to the beginning of a word to modify its meaning, for example as, pre- in prefix, con- in conjure, re- in reheat, etc.
      Synonyms: foresyllable (rare), prefixum (archaic)
      Antonym: suffix
      Hypernym: affix (broad sense)
    2. (telecommunications) A set of digits placed before a telephone number, to indicate where the number is based, what type of phone number it is (landline, mobile, toll-free, premium rate etc.)
      in the UK, a number with an 0800 prefix is a toll-free number.
      Add the prefix +34 to dial a Spanish number from abroad
    3. A title added to a person's name, such as Mr. or Dr.
    4. (computing) An initial segment of a string of characters.
      The string "abra" is both a prefix and a suffix of the string "abracadabra".

Usage notesEdit

  • Though much less common, a plural form prefices is seen as well, apparently formed by analogy with index–indices, appendix–appendices, and so on, but it is not a standard plural and has no basis in the Latin origin of the term.

SynonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

VerbEdit

prefix (third-person singular simple present prefixes, present participle prefixing, simple past and past participle prefixed)

  1. (transitive) To determine beforehand; to set in advance. [from 15thc.]
  2. (transitive) To put or fix before, or at the beginning of something; to place at the start. [from 16thc.]

Related termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

See alsoEdit

Further readingEdit

AnagramsEdit


CatalanEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Late Latin praefixum, from Latin praefixus.

NounEdit

prefix m (plural prefixos)

  1. prefix

CzechEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): [ˈprɛfɪks]
  • Rhymes: -ɪks
  • Hyphenation: pre‧fix

NounEdit

prefix m inan

  1. prefix
    Synonym: předpona

Derived termsEdit

Further readingEdit


DutchEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Borrowed from post-Classical Latin praefixum, nominal use of the neuter form of Classical Latin praefixus, past participle of praefīgō (I (fix, fasten, set up) in front”, “I fix on the (end, extremity)) — the noun directly thence, whereas the adjective via French préfixe.

Alternative formsEdit

NounEdit

prefix n or m (plural prefixen, diminutive prefixje n)

  1. prefix
    Synonym: voorvoegsel
    Antonyms: suffix, achtervoegsel

Etymology 2Edit

(This etymology is missing. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

AdjectiveEdit

prefix (not comparable)

  1. (obsolete) fixed, predetermined
InflectionEdit
Inflection of prefix
uninflected prefix
inflected prefixe
comparative
positive
predicative/adverbial prefix
indefinite m./f. sing. prefixe
n. sing. prefix
plural prefixe
definite prefixe
partitive prefix

OccitanEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Late Latin praefixum, from Latin praefixus

NounEdit

prefix m

  1. (grammar) prefix

Related termsEdit


RomanianEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from French préfixe, from Latin praefixus.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

prefix n (plural prefixe)

  1. prefix
    Antonym: suffix

DeclensionEdit

Related termsEdit