ἄνθρωπος

Ancient GreekEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

Scholars used to consider it to be a compound from ἀνήρ (anēr, man) + ὤψ (ōps, face, appearance, look) = "he who looks like a man". However, Beekes[1] does not accept this etymology. Romain Garnier proposed another etymology in his 2007 article « Nouvelles réflexions étymologiques autour du grec ἄνθρωπος »[2], deriving it from Proto-Indo-European *n̥dʰreh₃kʷó- (that which is below), hence "earthly, human".

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

ἄνθρωπος (anthrōpos) (genitive ἀνθρώπου) m, second declension

  1. man
  2. human being

InflectionEdit

Derived termsEdit

  • ἀνθρώπινος (anthrōpinos)
  • ἅνθρωπος (hanthrōpos) (Attic crasis with definite article (ho))
  • ὥνθρωπος (hōnthrōpos) (Ionic crasis with definite article (ho))
  • ἀνθρωποκεντρικός (anthrōpokentrikos), anthropocentric
  • ἀνθρωποειδής (anthrōpoeidēs), anthropoid
  • ἀνθρωπολογία (anthrōpologia), anthropology
  • ἀνθρωπομορφισμός (anthrōpomorphismos), anthropomorphism
  • ἀνθρωποποιία (anthrōpopoiia)

DescendantsEdit

NounEdit

ἄνθρωπος (anthrōpos) (genitive ἀνθρώπου) f, second declension

  1. (derogatory) woman

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ [1]
  2. ^ Bulletin de la Société de Linguistique de Paris 102/1, 2007, 131—154. http://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-00411834/fr/
  • LSJ
  • Bauer lexicon
  • Strong’s concordance number: G444
  • Encyclopedia Papyrus-Larousse
  • J.B.Hofmann, Ετυμολογικόν Λεξικόν της Αρχαίας Ελληνικής (Etymologisches Wörterbuch des Griechischen)
  • Plato Crat. 399 C
Last modified on 9 April 2014, at 11:51