Ancient GreekEdit

Alternative formsEdit


From Mycenaean Greek 𐀀𐀵𐀫𐀦(a-to-ro-qo), of uncertain origin. Scholars used to consider it to be a compound from ἀνήρ(anḗr, man) and ὤψ(ṓps, face, appearance, look) "he who looks like a man". However, in that case a δ(d) would be expected to develop by epenthesis, as in the genitive ἀνδρός(andrós), yielding *ἀνδρωπος(*andrōpos). Beekes (Etymological Dictionary of Greek, 2009:106) argues that since no convincing Indo-European etymology has been found, the word is probably of Pre-Greek origin; he connects the word with the word δρώψ(drṓps, man) (according to Beekes (2009:xxix): "Shift of aspiration is found in some cases: θριγκός / τριγχός, ἀθραγένη / ἀνδράχνη"). Romain Garnier proposed another etymology in his 2007 article « Nouvelles réflexions étymologiques autour du grec ἄνθρωπος », deriving it from Proto-Indo-European *n̥dʰreh₃kʷó-(that which is below), hence "earthly, human".




ἄνθρωπος ‎(ánthrōposm, f ‎(genitive ἀνθρώπου); second declension

  1. human being, person (as opposed to gods); man, woman
  2. (philosophical) man, humanity
  3. (sometimes in the plural) all human beings, mankind
  4. (in feminine, derogatory) female slave


Derived termsEdit