Braille AND.svg
U+282F, ⠯

Braille Patterns


The 26th character of the braille script


Invented by Louis Braille, braille cells were arranged in numerical order and assigned to letters of the French alphabet. Most braille alphabets follow this assignment for the 26 letters of the basic Latin alphabet, or for the equivalents of those letters in a non-Latin script.

The first ten braille letters are ⠁⠃⠉⠙⠑⠋⠛⠓⠊⠚, usually assigned to the Latin letters a–j. The next ten repeat that pattern with the addition of a dot at the lower left, the third ten with two dots on the bottom, and the fourth with a dot on the bottom right. The fifth decade is like the first, but shifted downward. Many languages which use braille letters beyond the basic 26 for simple letters in their script follow an approximation of the English values for the additional letters.


  1. (English Braille) A letter rendering the print sequence a-n-d
  2. (English Braille) Greek χ kh (Greek Braille uses )
  3. (French Braille) ç
  4. (Hungarian Braille) q
  5. (Czech Braille, Icelandic Braille) ý
  6. (Hausa Braille) ƴ
  7. (Polish Braille) ż
  8. (Albanian Braille) q
  9. (Russian Braille) й (ĭ)
  10. (Bulgarian Braille) ѝ
  11. (Greek Braille) ψ (ps)
  12. (Arabic Braille) ص‎ ()
  13. (Amharic Braille) (ṣ́)
  14. (Bharati braille) ṣa
  15. (Tibetan Braille) (pha)
  16. (Chinese Braille) The rime yuan/-üan
  17. (Chinese Two-Cell Braille) The onset nu- or the rime -ǎn
  18. (Taiwan Braille) The rime weng/-ong
  19. (Cantonese Braille) The onset p (p') and rime ip
  20. (Thai Braille) p (bp)
  21. (IPA Braille) Marks click letters
    ⠯⠏ ʘ, ⠯⠹ ǀ, ⠯⠞ ǃ, ⠯⠱ ǂ, ⠯⠇ ǁ


  1. (German Braille) &

See alsoEdit

(Braille script):              










(romaji he)

  1. The hiragana syllable (he) or the katakana syllable (he) in Japanese braille.