Braille Ò.svg
U+282C, ⠬

Braille Patterns


The 52nd character of the braille script


Invented by Louis Braille, braille cells were arranged in numerical order and assigned to letters of the French alphabet. Most braille alphabets follow this assignment for the 26 letters of the basic Latin alphabet, or for the equivalents of those letters in a non-Latin script.

The first ten braille letters are ⠁⠃⠉⠙⠑⠋⠛⠓⠊⠚, usually assigned to the Latin letters a–j. The next ten repeat that pattern with the addition of a dot at the lower left, the third ten with two dots on the bottom, and the fourth with a dot on the bottom right. The fifth decade is like the first, but shifted downward. Many languages which use braille letters beyond the basic 26 for simple letters in their script follow an approximation of the English values for the additional letters.

Punctuation markEdit

  1. (French Braille) (a note marker, equivalent to print *, , etc., or to English Braille ⠔⠔)
  2. (German Braille) (the section marker, §)
  3. (Chinese Two-Cell Braille) (the section marker)

Usage notesEdit

Followed by a number or letter for a numbered footnote.


  1. (English Braille) A letter rendering the print sequence -ing
  2. (German Braille) A letter rendering the print digraph ie
  3. (French Braille) ò (in foreign words)
  4. (Spanish Braille, Navajo Braille) ó
  5. (Polish Braille) ó
  6. (Czech Braille) ú
  7. (Hungarian Braille) ú
  8. (Lithuanian Braille) ų
  9. (Latvian Braille) ū
  10. (Esperanto Braille) ŭ
  11. (Persian Braille) ژ (zh)
  12. (Amharic Braille) (ñ)
  13. (Bharati braille)
  14. (Chinese Braille) The rime yu/-ü
  15. (Chinese Two-Cell Braille) The onset du- or the rime -éi
  16. (Taiwan Braille) The rime ye/-ie
  17. (Cantonese Braille) The rime aai
  18. (Thai Braille) ch
  19. (Korean Braille) (yo)
  20. (IPA Braille) ʌ

Usage notesEdit

English -ing: Cannot appear at the beginning of a word.

See alsoEdit

(Braille script):              










(romaji yu)

  1. The hiragana syllable (yu) or the katakana syllable (yu) in Japanese braille.