Braille À.svg
U+2837, ⠷

Braille Patterns


The 28th character of the braille script


Invented by Louis Braille, braille cells were arranged in numerical order and assigned to letters of the French alphabet. Most braille alphabets follow this assignment for the 26 letters of the basic Latin alphabet, or for the equivalents of those letters in a non-Latin script.

The first ten braille letters are ⠁⠃⠉⠙⠑⠋⠛⠓⠊⠚, usually assigned to the Latin letters a–j. The next ten repeat that pattern with the addition of a dot at the lower left, the third ten with two dots on the bottom, and the fourth with a dot on the bottom right. The fifth decade is like the first, but shifted downward. Many languages which use braille letters beyond the basic 26 for simple letters in their script follow an approximation of the English values for the additional letters.


  1. (English Braille) A letter rendering the print sequence o-f
  2. (French Braille) à
  3. (Spanish Braille, Navajo Braille) á
  4. (Hungarian Braille) ü
  5. (Czech Braille) w ( is used for ř)
  6. (Slovak Braille) ŕ
  7. (Albanian Braille) ll
  8. (Russian Braille) ъ (ʺ)
  9. (Arabic Braille, Urdu Braille) ع (ayin: ʿ)
  10. (Amharic Braille) (vowel initial: ʾ)
  11. (Bharati braille [Malayalam & Tamil]) ḻa [cf. Urdu Braille above]
  12. (Burmese Braille) (nya)
  13. (Chinese, Taiwanese Braille) The rime ou
  14. (Chinese Two-Cell Braille) The onset lü- or the rime -ǎo
  15. (Cantonese Braille) The rime yt (yut)
  16. (Thai Braille) The vowel เีย ia
  17. (IPA Braille) ʊ

See alsoEdit

(Braille script):              










(romaji mi)

  1. The hiragana syllable (mi) or the katakana syllable (mi) in Japanese braille.