Braille DecimalPoint.svg
U+2828, ⠨

Braille Patterns


The 61st character of the braille script


Invented by Louis Braille, braille cells were arranged in numerical order and assigned to letters of the French alphabet. Most braille alphabets follow this assignment for the 26 letters of the basic Latin alphabet, or for the equivalents of those letters in a non-Latin script.

The first ten braille letters are ⠁⠃⠉⠙⠑⠋⠛⠓⠊⠚, usually assigned to the Latin letters a–j. The next ten repeat that pattern with the addition of a dot at the lower left, the third ten with two dots on the bottom, and the fourth with a dot on the bottom right. The fifth decade is like the first, but shifted downward. Many languages which use braille letters beyond the basic 26 for simple letters in their script follow an approximation of the English values for the additional letters.


  1. (English Braille) Emphasis mark (italics, bold, underline)
  2. (English Braille) A prefix marking various letter sequences:
    ⠨⠙ -ound, ⠨⠞ -ount, ⠨⠑ -ance, ⠨⠎ -less, ⠨⠝ -sion
  3. (Navajo Braille) A prefix marking the ogonek:
    ⠨⠁ ą, ⠨⠑ ę, ⠨⠊ į, ⠨⠕ ǫ, ⠨⠷ ą́, ⠨⠮ ę́, ⠨⠌ į́, ⠨⠬ ǫ́
  4. (French Braille, Greek Braille, Russian Braille) Capital-letter mark
  5. (German Braille) $
  6. (Icelandic Braille) %
  7. (Czech Braille) Indicates a capital Greek letter
  8. (Chinese Two-Cell Braille) Indicates a proper name
  9. (IPA Braille) Indicates that the following letter is to be read with its Greek value, following academic conventions
    ⠨⠋ ɸ, ⠨⠃ β, ⠨⠹ θ, ⠨⠛ ɣ, ⠨⠯ χ
    Also marks ten user-defined symbols:
    ⠨⠂, ⠨⠆, ⠨⠒, ⠨⠲, ⠨⠢, ⠨⠖, ⠨⠶, ⠨⠦, ⠨⠔, ⠨⠴

Usage notesEdit

  • (English Braille) As an emphasis mark, it is doubled to emphasize four or more words.
    (Abolished in Unified English Braille: replaced with specific marks for italics, bold, etc.)
  • (English Braille) As a sequence prefix, it cannot occur at the beginning of a word.

Punctuation markEdit

(transliteration needed)

  1. (English Braille) decimal point


  1. (Slovak Braille) ĺ
  2. (Arabic Braille) إ (ʾi)
  3. (Bharati braille) kha
  4. (Burmese Braille) (kha)
  5. (Hausa Braille) ƙ
  6. (Taiwan Braille) The rime yang/-iang
  7. (Cantonese Braille) The rime ak
  8. (Korean Braille) Initial (j)

See alsoEdit

(Braille script):