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Braille Comma.svg
U+2802, ⠂

Braille Patterns


The 41st character of the braille script


Invented by Louis Braille, braille cells were arranged in numerical order and assigned to letters of the French alphabet. Most braille alphabets follow this assignment for the 26 letters of the basic Latin alphabet, or for the equivalents of those letters in a non-Latin script.

The first ten braille letters are ⠁⠃⠉⠙⠑⠋⠛⠓⠊⠚, usually assigned to the Latin letters a–j. The next ten repeat that pattern with the addition of a dot at the lower left, the third ten with two dots on the bottom, and the fourth with a dot on the bottom right. The fifth decade is like the first, but shifted downward. Many languages which use braille letters beyond the basic 26 for simple letters in their script follow an approximation of the English values for the additional letters.

Punctuation markEdit

  1. (Braille) the comma (,)
  2. (Thai Braille) the reduplication mark,
  3. (Bharati braille) avagraha

Usage notesEdit

Includes IPA braille.

  • (Thai Braille) When combined with ⠗ r or ⠇ l, it produces the former syllabic consonants, ⠗⠂ rue and obsolete ⠇⠂ lue.


  1. (English Braille) A letter rendering the print sequence -ea-.
  2. (Arabic Braille) ـَ (a)
  3. (Chinese, Taiwanese Braille) Tone 2
  4. (Chinese Two-Cell Braille) The suffix (-men)
  5. (Cantonese Braille) Tone 6
  6. (Korean Braille) Final (l)

Usage notesEdit

  • (English Braille) Cannot appear at the beginning or end of a word.


  1. (Chinese Two-Cell Braille) The suffix -men


  1. (English Braille) A prefix marking non-Latin letters. For example:
    α ⠂⠁, β ⠂⠃, γ ⠂⠛, δ ⠂⠙, ε ⠂⠑, ζ ⠂⠵, η ⠂⠱, θ ⠂⠹, ι ⠂⠊, κ ⠂⠅, λ ⠂⠇, μ ⠂⠍, ν ⠂⠝, ξ ⠂⠭, ο ⠂⠕, π ⠂⠏, ρ ⠂⠗, σ ⠂⠎, τ ⠂⠞, υ ⠂⠥, φ ⠂⠋, χ ⠂⠯, ψ ⠂⠽, ω ⠂⠺

Usage notesEdit

  • This is read as a comma when followed by a space, as a non-Latin-script indicator when not. The script is determined by context. The examples above would only be Greek letters if that were established.
  • Abolished in Unified English Braille.

See alsoEdit

(Braille script):