ç U+00E7, ç
LATIN SMALL LETTER C WITH CEDILLA
Composition:c [U+0063] + ◌̧ [U+0327]
æ
[U+00E6]
Latin-1 Supplement è
[U+00E8]

Translingual edit

 
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Etymology edit

 
Evolution of Visigothic to modern ⟨ç⟩.

From ⟨⟩, the Visigothic form of the letter z, which resembled a C with a subscript z.

Pronunciation edit

  • (file)

Symbol edit

ç

  1. (IPA) a voiceless palatal fricative.
    (superscript ⟨ᶜ̧⟩) [ç]-fricated release of a plosive, sometimes implying an affricate (e.g. ⟨cᶜ̧⟩ for [c͡ç]); [ç]-coloring, or a weak, fleeting or epenthetic [ç].

Usage notes edit

A superscript ⟨ᶜ̧⟩ needs to be composed with a cedilla diacritic: U+1D9C ⟨ᶜ⟩ + U+0327 ⟨◌̧⟩.

Albanian edit

Pronunciation edit

Letter edit

ç (uppercase Ç)

  1. The fourth letter of the Albanian alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also edit

Azerbaijani edit

Pronunciation edit

Letter edit

ç lower case (upper case Ç)

  1. The fourth letter of the Azerbaijani alphabet, called çe and written in the Latin script.

See also edit

Basque edit

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): (Southern) /s̻e au̯t͡s̺i/, [s̻e̞ au̯.t͡s̺i]
  • IPA(key): (Northern) /s̻e hau̯t͡s̺i/, [s̻e̞ ɦau̯.t͡s̺i]

Letter edit

ç (lower case, upper case Ç)

  1. The letter C with a cedilla, called ze hautsi.

Usage notes edit

  • Used chiefly in recent loanwords and foreign proper nouns.
  • It is not considered a distinct letter, but a variant of c.

See also edit

Catalan edit

Pronunciation edit

Letter edit

ç (lower case, upper case Ç)

  1. c cedilla (the ce trencada, the letter c with a cedilla, used to represent /s/ before a, o or u; it is not considered a separate letter)

See also edit

French edit

Letter edit

ç (lower case, upper case Ç)

  1. "c cédille", the letter c with a cedilla

Usage notes edit

Ç is not considered a distinct letter, but a variant of C. It is used where a ⟨c⟩ pronounced /s/ occurs before ⟨a⟩, ⟨o⟩ or ⟨u⟩ (due to etymology or inflection). Examples: (inflection) commencer (to begin, infinitive), commençons (we begin, first-person plural indicative present).

Juǀ'hoan edit

Letter edit

ç

  1. (dated) the voiceless palatal click consonant, and the base of multigraphs for the other palatal clicks; now replaced with ǂ.

Naro edit

Alternative forms edit

Pronunciation edit

Letter edit

ç (upper case Ç)

  1. (dated) A letter of the Naro alphabet, written in the Latin script.

Portuguese edit

Etymology edit

C + Old Galician-Portuguese (Visigothic z).

Pronunciation edit

Letter edit

ç (lower case, upper case Ç)

  1. "c cedilha" (the letter c with a cedilla)

Usage notes edit

Ç is not considered a distinct letter, but a variant of C. It is used where a <c> pronounced /s/ occurs before <a>, <o> or <u> (due to etymology or inflection). Examples: (Inflection) merecer ("to deserve", infinitive), mereça (imperative). (Etymology) maça from Latin mattia, massa from Latin massa (both /ˈmasa/). Never occurs word-initially.

Rohingya edit

Pronunciation edit

Letter edit

ç (upper case Ç)

  1. The fourth letter of the Rohingya alphabet, called çii and written in the Latin script.

See also edit

Romani edit

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): (after n) /t͡s/, (after all other letters) /s/

Letter edit

ç (lower case, upper case Ç)

  1. (International Standard) Used to represent -ça.

See also edit

References edit

  • Yūsuke Sumi (2018), “-ç-”, in ニューエクスプレス ロマ(ジプシー)語 [New Express Romani (Gypsy)] (in Japanese), Tokyo: Hakusuisha, →ISBN, page 15

Spanish edit

Letter edit

ç (lower case, upper case Ç)

  1. (obsolete) c with cedilla

Usage notes edit

  • Now replaced by the letter z.

Turkish edit

Pronunciation edit

  • (phoneme) IPA(key): /t͡ʃ/
  • (letter name): IPA(key): /t͡ʃeː/

Letter edit

ç (lower case, upper case Ç)

  1. The fourth letter of the Turkish alphabet, called çe and written in the Latin script.

See also edit

Turkmen edit

Pronunciation edit

Letter edit

ç (upper case Ç)

  1. The third letter of the Turkmen alphabet, called çe and written in the Latin script.

See also edit