ç U+00E7, ç
LATIN SMALL LETTER C WITH CEDILLA
Composition:c [U+0063] + ◌̧ [U+0327]
æ
[U+00E6]
Latin-1 Supplement è
[U+00E8]

TranslingualEdit

 
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EtymologyEdit

 
Evolution of Visigothic zet to modern ç.

From ⟨⟩, the Visigothic form of the letter z, which resembled a C with a subscript z.

PronunciationEdit

  • (file)

LetterEdit

ç (upper case Ç)

  1. The letter c with a cedilla.

See alsoEdit

SymbolEdit

ç

  1. (IPA) voiceless palatal fricative

AlbanianEdit

PronunciationEdit

LetterEdit

ç (uppercase Ç)

  1. The fourth letter of the Albanian alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See alsoEdit


AzerbaijaniEdit

PronunciationEdit

LetterEdit

ç lower case (upper case Ç)

  1. The fourth letter of the Azerbaijani alphabet, called çe and written in the Latin script.

See alsoEdit


BasqueEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): (Southern) /s̻e au̯t͡s̺i/, [s̻e̞ au̯.t͡s̺i]
  • IPA(key): (Northern) /s̻e hau̯t͡s̺i/, [s̻e̞ ɦau̯.t͡s̺i]

LetterEdit

ç (lower case, upper case Ç)

  1. The letter C with a cedilla, called ze hautsi.

Usage notesEdit

  • Used chiefly in recent loanwords and foreign proper nouns.
  • It is not considered a distinct letter, but a variant of c.

See alsoEdit


CatalanEdit

PronunciationEdit

LetterEdit

ç (lower case, upper case Ç)

  1. The ce trencada, the letter c with a cedilla, used to represent /s/ before a, o or u. It is not considered a separate letter.

See alsoEdit


FrenchEdit

LetterEdit

ç (lower case, upper case Ç)

  1. "c cédille", the letter c with a cedilla

Usage notesEdit

Ç is not considered a distinct letter, but a variant of C. It is used where a ⟨c⟩ pronounced /s/ occurs before ⟨a⟩, ⟨o⟩ or ⟨u⟩ (due to etymology or inflection). Examples: (inflection) commencer (to begin, infinitive), commençons (we begin, first-person plural indicative present).


PortugueseEdit

EtymologyEdit

C + Old Portuguese (Visigothic z).

PronunciationEdit

LetterEdit

ç (lower case, upper case Ç)

  1. "c cedilha" (the letter c with a cedilla)

Usage notesEdit

Ç is not considered a distinct letter, but a variant of C. It is used where a <c> pronounced /s/ occurs before <a>, <o> or <u> (due to etymology or inflection). Examples: (Inflection) merecer ("to deserve", infinitive), mereça (imperative). (Etymology) maça from Latin mattia, massa from Latin massa (both /ˈmasa/). Never occurs word-initially.


RohingyaEdit

PronunciationEdit

LetterEdit

ç (upper case Ç)

  1. The fourth letter of the Rohingya alphabet, called çii and written in the Latin script.

See alsoEdit


RomaniEdit

LetterEdit

ç (lower case, upper case Ç)

  1. A letter used to represent the voiceless alveolar sibilant (/s/) or the voiceless alveolar sibilant affricate (/t͡s/) in the International Standard orthography.

Usage notesEdit

  • Only used in case suffixes.

ReferencesEdit

  • Yūsuke Sumi (2018), “-ç-”, in ニューエクスプレス ロマ(ジプシー)語 [New Express Romani (Gypsy)] (in Japanese), Tokyo: Hakusuisha, →ISBN, page 15

SpanishEdit

LetterEdit

ç (lower case, upper case Ç)

  1. (obsolete) c with cedilla

Usage notesEdit

  • Now replaced by the letter z.

TurkishEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • (phoneme) IPA(key): /t͡ʃ/
  • (letter name): IPA(key): /t͡ʃeː/

LetterEdit

ç (lower case, upper case Ç)

  1. The fourth letter of the Turkish alphabet, called çe and written in the Latin script.

See alsoEdit


TurkmenEdit

PronunciationEdit

LetterEdit

ç (upper case Ç)

  1. The third letter of the Turkmen alphabet, called çe and written in the Latin script.

See alsoEdit