The traditional account* states that ㄷ d is derived from ㄴ n by the addition of a stroke (ㄴ而ㄷ […] 其因聲加畫). However, Gari Ledyard proposes instead that ㄷ d is borrowed from Phagspa d, ultimately from Tibetan ད d, and that it is ㄴ n which is derived by the removal of a stroke.
* Hunmin Jeongeum Haerye “Explanations and Examples of the Proper Sounds for the Instruction of the People” (1446), defining and explaining the script now known as 한글 (han-geul, “Great script, Korean script”) in South Korea and 조선글 (joseon-geul, “Korean script”) in North Korea.
- IPA(key): /t/
- Actual realisation:
- (word-initially) IPA(key): [t]
- (between vowels, after nasals and liquids) IPA(key): [d]
- (after stops) IPA(key): [t͈]
- (before stops, or word-finally) IPA(key): [t̚]
- (before nasals) IPA(key): [n]
- (next to /h/) IPA(key): [tʰ]
ㄷ • (d)
- 디귿 (digeut, “digeut”), a letter of the Korean writing system, hangeul; the unaspirated alveolar plosive (/t/)
In the North Korean order, ㄷ (d) it is the third jamo. In the South Korean order, it is the fourth.
- ㅌ (t)
- ㄸ (tt)
- ㄴ (n) (in Ledyard account)