See also: 北极熊

ChineseEdit

the North Pole bear; to scold; to rebuke
trad. (北極熊) 北極
simp. (北极熊) 北极

EtymologyEdit

Compare Japanese 北極熊 (hokkyokuguma), Korean 북극곰 (Bukgeukgom), Vietnamese gấu Bắc Cực, all of which literally mean “arctic bear”.

PronunciationEdit


NounEdit

北極熊

  1. polar bear

SynonymsEdit


JapaneseEdit

 北極熊 on Japanese Wikipedia
 
北極熊
Kanji in this term
ほく > ほっ
Grade: 2
きょく
Grade: 4
くま > ぐま
Grade: S

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

Compound of 北極 (Hokkyoku, North Pole; Arctic) +‎ (kuma, bear).[1][2][3] The kuma changes to guma as an instance of rendaku (連濁).

Compare Chinese 北極熊, Korean 북극곰 (Bukgeukgom), Vietnamese gấu Bắc Cực, all of which literally mean “arctic bear”.

PronunciationEdit

  • (Tokyo) っきょくぐま [hòkkyókúꜜgùmà] (Nakadaka – [4])[2]
  • IPA(key): [ho̞k̚ʲkʲo̞kɯ̟ᵝɡɯ̟ᵝma̠]

NounEdit

北極熊 (ほっきょくぐま) or 北極熊 (ほっきょくグマ) or 北極熊 (ホッキョクグマ) (Hokkyokuguma) (historical hiragana ほくきよくぐま, historical katakana ホクキヨクグマ)

  1. a polar bear

Usage notesEdit

As with many terms that name organisms, this term is often spelled in katakana, especially in biological contexts, as ホッキョクグマ.

SynonymsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. 2.0 2.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  3. ^ 1995, 大辞泉 (Daijisen) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan, →ISBN