|Japanese stroke order|
- KangXi: page 152, character 25
- Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 2574
- Dae Jaweon: page 342, character 6
- Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 262, character 4
- Unihan data for U+5317
|simp. and trad.
|Historical forms of the character 北|
|Shang||Western Zhou||Warring States||Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)||Liushutong (compiled in Ming)|
|Oracle bone script||Bronze inscriptions||Chu bamboo and silk script||Small seal script||Transcribed ancient scripts|
|Characters in the same phonetic series (北) (Zhengzhang, 2003)|
The sense of “north” is derived from “back (of body)”: “back” → “to turn the back to; to retreat” → “north”.
The ancient Chinese value the southern direction and houses are traditionally oriented along a north-south axis, as evident in the fengshui theory and orientation of buildings in Chinese Neolithic sites. North is the direction the back is oriented to when the person is facing south.
- Cantonese (Jyutping): bak1
- Hakka (Sixian, PFS): pet
- Min Dong (BUC): báe̤k
- Min Nan (POJ): pak / pok
- Wu (Wiktionary): poq (T4)
- (Standard Chinese)
- (Standard Chinese, literary, chiefly Taiwan)
- (Note: Dungan pronunciation is currently experimental and may be inaccurate.)
- Min Dong
- Min Nan
|Kanji in this term|
- A surname.