Last modified on 4 May 2015, at 09:56

TranslingualEdit

EtymologyEdit

北 北 北 北
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script

Ideogrammic compound (會意) - two men back to back. Originally meaning "back".

Phonetically borrowed for the meaning of "north". The derivative refers to the original word.

Han characterEdit

(radical 21 +3, 5 strokes, cangjie input 中一心 (LMP), four-corner 11110)

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

Japanese stroke order
北-jbw.png
  • KangXi: page 152, character 25
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 2574
  • Dae Jaweon: page 342, character 6
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 262, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+5317

ChineseEdit

-
simp. and trad.

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (北), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 幫 (1)
Final: 德
Division: I

Openness: Open
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Fanqie: 博墨切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/pək̚/ /pək̚/ /pək̚/ /pək̚/ /pək̚/ /pək̚/ /pək̚/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
běi ‹ pok › /*pˤək/ north

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
414 0 /*pɯːɡ/

NounEdit

  1. north, northern

Coordinate termsEdit

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. north

ReadingsEdit

Kanji in this term
きた
Grade: 2
kun'yomi

NounEdit

(hiragana きた, romaji kita)

  1. north

Proper nounEdit

(hiragana きた, romaji Kita)

  1. A surname​.

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(buk, bae)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul): ,  (revised: buk, bae, McCune-Reischauer: puk, pae, Yale: puk, pay)
  • Name (hangeul): 북녘, 달아나다 (revised: bungnyeok, dalanada, McCune-Reischauer: pungnyŏk, talanada, Yale: puknyekh, tal.anata)
  1. the north, the northern part

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(bắc, bác, bấc, bậc, bước)

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