See also: and

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
Stroke order

Han characterEdit

(radical 37 +1, 4 strokes, cangjie input 大戈 (KI), four-corner 40030, composition)

Derived charactersEdit

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 248, character 10
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 5834
  • Dae Jaweon: page 505, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 524, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+592A

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

EtymologyEdit

A superlative derivative of (OC *daːds, *daːds, “big”) – be too great, very great, excessive.

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (6)
Final () (25)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/tʰɑiH/
Pan
Wuyun
/tʰɑiH/
Shao
Rongfen
/tʰɑiH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/tʰajH/
Li
Rong
/tʰɑiH/
Wang
Li
/tʰɑiH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/tʰɑiH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
tài
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
tài
Middle
Chinese
‹ thajH ›
Old
Chinese
/*l̥ˤa[t]-s/
English great

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 1937
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*tʰaːds/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. too; so (modifying adjectives; often used with (le) at the end of the sentence for emphasis)
    /   ―  Tài rè le!  ―  It's so hot!
    /   ―  Bié chī tài duō pài.  ―  Don't eat too much pie.
  2. (usually in negative sentences) very; quite
    舒服  ―  Tā bù tài shūfú.  ―  He's not very well.
  3. most; utmost
  4. highest; greatest
  5. senior; noble
  6. wife; Miss; Mrs
    太太  ―  tàitai  ―  wife
    • [Cantonese]  ―  lei5 taai3 [Jyutping]  ―  Mrs. Li
    • / [Cantonese]  ―  can4 taai3 [Jyutping]  ―  Mrs. Chen
  7. Short for 太湖 (Tàihú, “Lake Tai, a lake in Southern Jiangsu, China”).
  8. Short for 太平洋 (Tàipíngyáng, “Pacific Ocean”).

See alsoEdit

  • (too):
Dialectal synonyms of ("too; excessively")
Variety Location Words
Mandarin Beijing
Taiwan
Tianjin
Jinan
Xi'an
Wuhan
Chengdu
Yangzhou
Hefei
Cantonese Guangzhou 得滯
Hong Kong 得滯
Taishan 得滯
Yangjiang 得滯
Gan Nanchang
Hakka Meixian
Miaoli (N. Sixian)
Liudui (S. Sixian)
Hsinchu (Hailu)
Dongshi (Dabu)
Taiwanese Raoping
Yunlin (Zhao'an)
Jin Taiyuan
Min Bei Jian'ou
Min Dong Fuzhou
Min Nan Quanzhou
Xiamen
Zhangzhou
Taipei
Kaohsiung
Tainan
Taichung
Yilan
Lukang
Sanxia
Kinmen
Magong
Hsinchu
Malaysia
Wu Suzhou
Wenzhou
Xiang Changsha
Shuangfeng

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. (adjective): fat

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Old Japanese.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

‎(hiragana ふと, romaji futo)

  1. fatness
  2. a fat person, a fatty
  3. fat-necked shamisen
  4. thick thread
Derived termsEdit
SynonymsEdit

PrefixEdit

‎(hiragana ふと, romaji futo-)

  1. added to words describing gods or the emperor or other exalted subjects to denote greatness or excellence
    • c. 759, Man'yōshū (book 17, poem 4031); text here
      奈加等美乃 敷刀能里⟨等其⟩等 伊比波良倍 安⟨賀⟩布伊能知毛 多我多米尓奈礼
      中臣の 祝詞言 言ひ祓へ 贖ふ命も 誰がために汝れ
      なかとみの ふとのりとごと いひはらへ あかふいのちも たがためになれ
      Nakatomi no / futonoritogoto / iiharae / akau inochi mo / ta ga tame ni nare
      Reciting the Nakatomi's excellent ritual offering, whose [long] life was prayed for? Yours.}}
  2. added to regular nouns to denote fatness or thickness
     (ふと) (もも) (ふと) (ばし)
    futo-momo, futo-bashi
    the thigh (the thick part of the leg), fat chopsticks (used at New Years)
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

The Old Japanese 終止形 ‎(shūshikei, terminal (sentence-final) form) of adjective 太い ‎(futoi, fat, thick, big).[2]

PronunciationEdit

Proper nounEdit

‎(hiragana ふとし, romaji Futoshi)

  1. A male given name.

Etymology 3Edit

Derived from the root word ‎(ō, great, big).

PronunciationEdit

Proper nounEdit

‎(hiragana おお, romaji Ō, historical hiragana おほ)

  1. A surname​.

Etymology 4Edit

From Middle Chinese ‎(thajH). Compare modern Mandarin ‎(tài).

PronunciationEdit

PrefixEdit

‎(hiragana たい, romaji tai-)

  1. big, fat, great
Usage notesEdit
  • Only found in compounds.
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 5Edit

From a colloquial form of in Middle Chinese. Compare the similar corruption in Mandarin ().

PronunciationEdit

PrefixEdit

‎(hiragana , romaji ta-)

  1. big, fat, great
Usage notesEdit

Only found in compounds.

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3
  2. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(tae)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: tae, McCune-Reischauer: t'ae)
  • Name (hangeul):  (revised: keul, McCune-Reischauer: k'ul)
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VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(thái)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.
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