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ChineseEdit

witch female; woman; daughter
simp. and trad.
(巫女)
anagram 女巫

PronunciationEdit


NounEdit

巫女

  1. a Japanese female shaman

JapaneseEdit

 巫女 on Japanese Wikipedia
 Miko on Wikipedia
 
巫女 (miko): a pair of miko or shrine maidens at Meiji Jingu.

Alternative formsEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Kanji in this term
Jinmeiyō Grade: 1
Irregular

From Old Japanese. Originally a compound of (mi, spirit, god) +‎ (ko, child), as suggested by the alternative spelling 神子.

Formerly spelled as on its own.[1] The modern kanji spelling 巫女 appears to be jukujikun (熟字訓).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

巫女 (hiragana みこ, rōmaji miko)

  1. An unmarried woman who serves at a Shintō shrine, helping to receive visitors and performing 神楽 (kagura) dances at ceremonies, among other responsibilities.
  2. An unmarried woman who serves a deity as a medium to convey oracles.
Usage notesEdit

Using the alternate spelling 神子, a miko could be of either gender, but unmarried young women are by far the most common.

SynonymsEdit
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Kanji in this term

Jinmeiyō
じょ
Grade: 1
on'yomi

From Middle Chinese compound 巫女 (mju? nrjoX, literally shaman + woman). Compare modern Mandarin reading wūnǚ.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

巫女 (hiragana ふじょ, rōmaji fujo, historical hiragana ふぢよ)

  1. An unmarried woman who serves a deity as a medium to convey oracles.
SynonymsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1997, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Fifth Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13143-0
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9