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ChineseEdit

witch female; woman; daughter
simp. and trad.
(巫女)
anagram 女巫

PronunciationEdit


NounEdit

巫女

  1. a Japanese female shaman

JapaneseEdit

 
Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
 
Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
 
巫女 (miko): a pair of miko or shrine maidens at Meiji Jingu.

Etymology 1Edit

Kanji in this term
Jinmeiyō Grade: 1
Irregular

From Old Japanese. Originally a compound of (mi, spirit, god) +‎ (ko, child), as suggested by the alternative spelling 神子.

Formerly spelled as on its own.[1] The modern kanji spelling 巫女 appears to be ateji, as an example of 熟字訓 (jukujikun).

PronunciationEdit

Alternative formsEdit

NounEdit

巫女 (hiragana みこ, rōmaji miko)

  1. An unmarried woman who serves at a Shintō shrine, helping to receive visitors and performing 神楽 (kagura) dances at ceremonies, among other responsibilities.
  2. An unmarried woman who serves a deity as a medium to convey oracles.
Usage notesEdit

Using the alternate spelling 神子, a miko could be of either gender, but unmarried young women are by far the most common.

SynonymsEdit
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Kanji in this term

Jinmeiyō
じょ
Grade: 1
on'yomi

From Middle Chinese compound 巫女 (mju? nrjoX, literally shaman + woman). Compare modern Mandarin reading wūnǚ.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

巫女 (hiragana ふじょ, rōmaji fujo, historical hiragana ふぢよ)

  1. An unmarried woman who serves a deity as a medium to convey oracles.
SynonymsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1997, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Fifth Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13143-0
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9