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U+5DEB, 巫
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5DEB

[U+5DEA]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5DEC]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 48 +4, 7 strokes, cangjie input 一人人 (MOO), four-corner 10108, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 325, character 19
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 8728
  • Dae Jaweon: page 629, character 7
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 412, character 8
  • Unihan data for U+5DEB

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script
     
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*ma
*ma
*ma
*ma

EtymologyEdit

This word initially referred to spirit medium/shaman of either sex, but eventually female when contrasted with (OC *ɡeːɡ, “male shaman”). Various hypotheses exist regarding its etymology:

  1. Cognate with Tibetan འབའ་པོ ('ba' po, magician, sorcerer), འབའ་མོ ('ba' mo, sorcereress).
  2. Cognate with (OC *ma, “to deceive”).
  3. Cognate with (OC *maʔ, “to dance”).
  4. Cognate with (OC *mɯʔ, “female”).
  5. Victor Mair proposes that this is a loanword from Old Persian 𐎶𐎦𐎢𐏁 (maguš), a word represented by the (cross potent) which is graphically similar to the Chinese bronze inscription form (Mair, 1990; Mair, 2012).

Thai หมอ (mɔ̌ɔ, doctor) < Proto-Tai *ʰmo:ᴬ (shaman) is generally assumed to be a Sino-Tibetan loan. More at Wu (shaman), Magi#In Chinese sources, magus.

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (4)
Final () (24)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/mɨo/
Pan
Wuyun
/mio/
Shao
Rongfen
/mio/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/muə̆/
Li
Rong
/mio/
Wang
Li
/mĭu/
Bernard
Karlgren
/mi̯u/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ mju ›
Old
Chinese
/*C.m(r)[o]/
English magician

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 13062
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ma/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. shaman; witch; sorcerer; wizard
  2. witch doctor
  3. A surname​.

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

  1. shaman
  2. witch, sorcerer

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

Usage notesEdit

This is the only kanji added to the jinmeiyō kanji list on 7 January 2015 by the Japanese government; previously classified as hyōgaiji.


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(mu) (hangeul , revised mu, McCune-Reischauer mu)

  1. A shaman.
  2. Something related to shamanism.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(vu)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.