- KangXi: page 325, character 19
- Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 8728
- Dae Jaweon: page 629, character 7
- Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 1, page 412, character 8
- Unihan data for U+5DEB
|simp. and trad.
|Historical forms of the character 巫|
|Shang||Western Zhou||Warring States||Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)||Liushutong (compiled in Ming)|
|Oracle bone script||Bronze inscriptions||Chu Slip and silk script||Qin slip script||Ancient script||Small seal script||Transcribed ancient scripts|
Pictogram (象形) – originally two pieces of jade crossed over each other as used in ancient shamanistic practices.
- “shaman; witch”
- This word initially referred to spirit medium/shaman of either sex, but eventually female when contrasted with 覡 (, “male shaman”). Various hypotheses exist regarding its etymology ( *ɡeːɡSchuessler, 2007):
- Cognate with Tibetan འབའ་པོ ('ba' po, “magician, sorcerer”), འབའ་མོ ('ba' mo, “sorceress”).
- Cognate with 誣 (, “to deceive”). *ma
- Cognate with 舞 (, “to dance”). *maʔ
- Cognate with 母 (, “female”). *mɯʔ
- Victor Mair (1990) and Jao Tsung-I (1990) proposed that this is a loanword from Old Persian 𐎶𐎦𐎢𐏁 (maguš) (more at Wikipedia: Magus). (Mair, 1990; Mair, 2012).
- Thai หมอ (mɔ̌ɔ, “doctor”) < Proto-Tai *ʰmo:ᴬ (“shaman”) is generally assumed to be a Sino-Tibetan loan (Pittayaporn, 2014). More at Wu (shaman), Magi#In Chinese sources, magus.
- shaman; witch; sorcerer; wizard
- witch doctor
- (chiefly Malaysia, Singapore) Malay; Melayu; relating to ethnic Malays
- A surname.
This is the only kanji added to the jinmeiyō kanji list on 7 January 2015 by the Japanese government; previously classified as hyōgaiji.