Pictogram (象形) – originally two pieces of jade crossed over each other as used in ancient shamanistic practices.
- “shaman; witch”
- This word initially referred to spirit medium/shaman of either sex, but eventually female when contrasted with 覡 (OC *ɡeːɡ, “male shaman”). Various hypotheses exist regarding its etymology (Schuessler, 2007):
- Cognate with Tibetan འབའ་པོ ('ba' po, “magician, sorcerer”), འབའ་མོ ('ba' mo, “sorceress”).
- Cognate with 誣 (OC *ma, “to deceive”).
- Cognate with 舞 (OC *maʔ, “to dance”).
- Cognate with 母 (OC *mɯʔ, “female”).
- Victor Mair (1990) and Jao Tsung-I (1990) proposed that this is a loanword from Old Persian 𐎶𐎦𐎢𐏁 (maguš) (more at Wikipedia: Magus). (Mair, 1990; Mair, 2012).
- Thai หมอ (mɔ̌ɔ, “doctor”) < Proto-Tai *ʰmo:ᴬ (“shaman”) is generally assumed to be a Sino-Tibetan loan (Pittayaporn, 2014). More at Wu (shaman), Magi#In Chinese sources, magus.
- Clipping of 巫來由／巫来由 (wūláiyóu), a transcription of Malay Melayu.
- shaman; witch; sorcerer; wizard
- witch doctor
- (chiefly Malaysia, Singapore) Malay; Melayu; relating to ethnic Malays
- A surname.
巫: Hán Nôm readings: vu
- This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text