See also: 神樂

Japanese edit

Etymology 1 edit

 
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神楽 (kagura): a performance of 八王子の舞 (Hachiōji no Mai) at Tokuyama Shrine.
Kanji in this term
かむ > か
Grade: 3
くら > ぐら
Grade: 2
irregular jukujikun
Alternative spelling
神樂 (kyūjitai)

/kamu kura//kankura//kaŋɡura//kaɡura/

From Old Japanese.

Originally a compound of (kamu, spirit, god, combining form) +‎ (kura, seat).[1][2][3] The kura changes to gura as an instance of rendaku (連濁).

The original compound referred to the place used to call down the (kami, spirits and gods) to earth, when a 巫女 (miko, shrine maiden) would act as a medium for the kami. Over time, the term came to refer to the music and dance of the ceremony. The use of the character here is an example of jukujikun (熟字訓), reflecting the change in meaning.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

()(ぐら) (kagura

  1. (Shinto) sacred dancing and music performed at Shintō ceremonies, often by miko, to honor Shintō spirits and gods
    Synonym: 神遊び (kamiasobi)
  2. bugaku (a type of traditional dancing and music) performed by regular people in front of a Shintō shrine
    Synonyms: 里神楽 (sato kagura), 太太神楽 (daidai kagura)
  3. a type of Noh dancing and music
  4. a type of kabuki musical accompaniment
  5. Short for 御神楽 (o-kagura): a flat-topped house initially built with one storey, with additional storeys added later
Derived terms edit

Proper noun edit

()(ぐら) (Kagura

  1. a place name
  2. a surname
  3. a female given name

Etymology 2 edit

Kanji in this term
かみ
Grade: 3
がく
Grade: 2
yutōyomi
Alternative spelling
神樂 (kyūjitai)

Compound of (kami, spirit, god) +‎ (gaku, music).

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): [ka̠mʲiɡa̠kɯ̟ᵝ]

Noun edit

(かみ)(がく) (kamigaku

  1. (rare) a type of dance in a Noh play, performed by the leading (okina, old man) character

Etymology 3 edit

Kanji in this term
じん
Grade: 3
らく
Grade: 2
on’yomi
Alternative spelling
神樂 (kyūjitai)

Probably from Middle Chinese 神樂 (MC zyin lak, literally “god, spirit + happy”).

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): [d͡ʑĩnɾa̠kɯ̟ᵝ]

Proper noun edit

(じん)(らく) (Jinraku

  1. a place name
  2. a surname

Etymology 4 edit

Kanji in this term
かむ > か
Grade: 3
らき
Grade: 2
irregular
Alternative spelling
神樂 (kyūjitai)

Unknown.

Pronunciation edit

Proper noun edit

()(らき) (Karaki

  1. a surname

References edit

  1. ^ Shōgaku Tosho (1988) 国語大辞典(新装版) [Unabridged Dictionary of Japanese (Revised Edition)] (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan, →ISBN
  2. ^ Matsumura, Akira (1995) 大辞泉 [Daijisen] (in Japanese), First edition, Tokyo: Shogakukan, →ISBN
  3. 3.0 3.1 Matsumura, Akira, editor (2006), 大辞林 [Daijirin] (in Japanese), Third edition, Tokyo: Sanseidō, →ISBN