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JapaneseEdit

Etymology 1Edit

 果物 on Japanese Wikipedia
 
果物 (kudamono, kabutsu): various kinds of fruit.
Kanji in this term
くだ
Grade: 4
もの
Grade: 3
Irregular

Literally “tree's thing”. Originally a compound of (ku, tree, shift from ancient ko pronunciation) +‎ (da, possessive marker between two nouns, only found in a few compounds) +‎ (mono, thing).[1][2]

The medial da is also seen in (kedamono, beast, literally hairy thing). The kanji is jukujikun (熟字訓).

PronunciationEdit

  • (Irregular reading)

NounEdit

果物 (hiragana くだもの, rōmaji kudamono)

  1. edible fruit that grows on trees or shrubs, such as oranges and apples, or sweet edible fruit that grows along the ground, such as strawberries and melons
SynonymsEdit
Derived termsEdit
See alsoEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Kanji in this term

Grade: 4
ぶつ
Grade: 3
on’yomi

/kwabut͡su//kabut͡su/

Possibly from Middle Chinese compound 果物 (*guɑ *miət, literally fruit thing). Compare modern Mandarin 果物 reading guǒwù (rare), Cantonese gwo2 mat6 (rare).

Rarely used in modern Japanese.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

果物 (hiragana かぶつ, rōmaji kabutsu, historical hiragana くわぶつ)

  1. (rare) fruit
Usage notesEdit

The kudamono reading is much more common in modern Japanese.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. 2.0 2.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9