See also:
U+679C, 果
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-679C

[U+679B]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+679D]

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
 

Han characterEdit

(radical 75, +4, 8 strokes, cangjie input 田木 (WD), four-corner 60904, composition)

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 516, character 11
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 14556
  • Dae Jaweon: page 904, character 5
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 2, page 1168, character 11
  • Unihan data for U+679C

ChineseEdit

Etymology 1Edit

simp. and trad.
alternative forms

Glyph originEdit

Pictogram (象形) – fruit on a tree.

PronunciationEdit


Note: gu2 - rare.
Note:
  • guōi - vernacular;
  • guō - literary.
  • Min Nan
  • Note:
    • kér/ké/kóe - vernacular;
    • kó͘/kó - literary.
    • (Teochew)
      • Peng'im: guê2 / guên2 / guain2 / guan2
      • Pe̍h-ōe-jī-like: kué / kuéⁿ / kuáiⁿ / kuáⁿ
      • Sinological IPA (key): /kue⁵²/, /kũẽ⁵²/, /kũãĩ⁵²/, /kũã⁵²/
    Note:
  • Wu

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (28)
    Final () (95)
    Tone (調) Rising (X)
    Openness (開合) Closed
    Division () I
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /kuɑX/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /kuɑX/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /kuɑX/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /kwaX/
    Li
    Rong
    /kuɑX/
    Wang
    Li
    /kuɑX/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /kuɑX/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    guǒ
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    guǒ
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ kwaX ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[k]ˁo[r]ʔ/
    English fruit; result

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 4767
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    3
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*kloːlʔ/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. fruit
        ―  shuǐguǒ  ―  fruit
      /   ―  píngguǒ  ―  apple
    2. result
      /   ―  jiéguǒ  ―  result
      /   ―  hòuguǒ  ―  consequence
    3. sure enough
        ―  guǒrán  ―  as expected
        ―  guǒzhēn  ―  really
    4. determined
        ―  guǒgǎn  ―  resolute and courageous
    5. to fill
        ―  guǒ  ―  to fill one's stomach
    6. to come true
        ―  guǒ  ―  to be unsuccessful
    7. finally; at last
    8. actually
      Synonyms: 究竟 (jiūjìng), 終究终究 (zhōngjiū)
    9. if
    10. A surname​.

    CompoundsEdit

    Etymology 2Edit

    For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“to wrap; to bind; to encircle; confine”).
    (This character, , is the second-round simplified form of .)
    Notes:

    JapaneseEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (grade 4 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    ReadingsEdit

    CompoundsEdit

     
    Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
    Wikipedia ja
    Kanji in this term

    Grade: 4
    on’yomi

    EtymologyEdit

    From Middle Chinese (kuɑX).

    PronunciationEdit

    CounterEdit

    () (-ka (historical kana くわ)

    1. pieces of fruit

    NounEdit

    () (ka (historical kana くわ)

    1. fruit
    2. (Buddhism) phala, attained state, result
    3. (Buddhism) enlightenment (as the fruits of one's Buddhist practice)

    See alsoEdit

    ReferencesEdit

    1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

    KoreanEdit

    HanjaEdit

    (gwa) (hangeul , revised gwa, McCune–Reischauer kwa, Yale kwa)

    1. fruit
    2. result

    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    (quả, hủ)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.