U+679C, 果
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-679C

[U+679B]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+679D]
See also:

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
 

Han characterEdit

(radical 75 +4, 8 strokes, cangjie input 田木 (WD), four-corner 60904)

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 516, character 11
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 14556
  • Dae Jaweon: page 904, character 5
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1168, character 11
  • Unihan data for U+679C

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*ɡ·roːlʔ
*ɡ·roːlʔ
*kloːlʔ
*kloːlʔ
*kloːlʔ
*kloːlʔ, *ɡloːlʔ, *ɡroːlʔ, *kʰluːls
*kloːlʔ, *kloːls
*kloːlʔ
*kloːlʔ
粿 *kloːlʔ
*kʰloːl
*kʰloːl, *ɡroːlʔ
*kʰloːl, *kʰloːls
*kʰloːl, *kʰloːls, *kʰroːlʔ
*kʰloːl, *kʰloːnʔ, *ɡloːnʔ
*kʰloːlʔ
*kʰloːlʔ, *kʰloːls, *kloːns
*kʰloːlʔ, *kʰloːls
*qʰloːlʔ, *ɡloːlʔ, *ɡroːlʔ
*qloːlʔ, *kroːl
*ɡroːlʔ
*ɡluːlʔ

Pictogram (象形): (field) + (tree) – field () of trees ().

PronunciationEdit


Note: gu2 - rare.
Note:
  • guōi - vernacular;
  • guō - literary.
Note:
  • kó - literary;
  • kóe, ké - vernacular.
  • (Teochew)
    • Peng'im: guê2 / guên2 / guain2 / guan2
    • Pe̍h-ōe-jī-like: kué / kuéⁿ / kuáiⁿ / kuáⁿ
    • IPA (key): /kue⁵²/, /kũẽ⁵²/, /kũãĩ⁵²/, /kũã⁵²/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (28)
Final () (95)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kuɑX/
Pan
Wuyun
/kuɑX/
Shao
Rongfen
/kuɑX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kwaX/
Li
Rong
/kuɑX/
Wang
Li
/kuɑX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kuɑX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
guǒ
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
guǒ
Middle
Chinese
‹ kwaX ›
Old
Chinese
/*[k]ˤo[r]ʔ/
English fruit; result

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 4767
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
3
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kloːlʔ/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. fruit
    /   ―  pínguǒ  ―  apple
  2. result
      ―  guǒrán  ―  as expected

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 4 “Kyōiku” kanji)

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

 
Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
Kanji in this term

Grade: 4
on'yomi

EtymologyEdit

From Middle Chinese (kuɑX).

PronunciationEdit

CounterEdit

‎(hiragana , romaji -ka, historical hiragana くわ)

  1. pieces of fruit

NounEdit

‎(hiragana , romaji ka, historical hiragana くわ)

  1. fruit
  2. (Buddhism) phala, attained state, result
  3. (Buddhism) enlightenment (as the fruits of one's Buddhist practice)

See alsoEdit

  • (in): cause, factor
  • 悟り (satori): Buddhist enlightenment

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(gwa) (hangeul , revised gwa, McCune-Reischauer kwa, Yale kwa)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(quả, hủ)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.