Japanese edit

Kanji in this term
Grade: 2
Alternative spelling
樂しい (kyūjitai)

Etymology edit

⟨tano1siki1 → */tanʷosikʲi//tanoshii/

From Old Japanese. First attested in the Kojiki of 712 CE.[1] No Ryukyuan cognates exist; as as result, further derivation unknown. Theories include:[2]

  • A compound of (ta, hand, combining form) + 伸す (nosu, to extend)
    This is problematic, as nosu has first been attested starting from the early 900s, with no A/B distinction (see Jōdai Tokushu Kanazukai for details).
  • From 田神 (tano, literally rice paddy god)
    No reading of (*no, god) exists.
  • A borrowing from an unknown language
    No words resemble *tanV meaning "fun" or "to enjoy".

Pronunciation edit

  • Tokyo pitch accent of inflected forms of "楽しい"
Source: Online Japanese Accent Dictionary
Stem forms
Continuative (連用形) 楽しく しく
Terminal (終止形) 楽しい のし [tànóshíꜜì]
Attributive (連体形) 楽しい のし [tànóshíꜜì]
Key constructions
Informal negative 楽しくない しくない
Informal past 楽しかった しかった
Informal negative past 楽しくなかった しくなかった
Formal 楽しいです のしいです [tànóshíꜜìdèsù]
Conjunctive 楽しくて しくて
Conditional 楽しければ しければ

Adjective edit

(たの)しい (tanoshii-i (adverbial (たの)しく (tanoshiku))

  1. pleasant, delightful, fun, enjoyable

Inflection edit

Synonyms edit

Antonyms edit

Related terms edit

References edit

  1. ^ ”, in 日本国語大辞典 (Nihon Kokugo Daijiten, Nihon Kokugo Daijiten)[1] (in Japanese), concise edition, Tōkyō: Shogakukan, 2000
  2. ^ 楽しい/たのしい - Gogen Yurai Jiten (in Japanese)
  3. ^ Matsumura, Akira, editor (2006), 大辞林 [Daijirin] (in Japanese), Third edition, Tokyo: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  4. ^ NHK Broadcasting Culture Research Institute, editor (1998), NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 [NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary] (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK Publishing, →ISBN