See also: and
U+624B, 手
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-624B

[U+624A]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+624C]
⼿ U+2F3F, ⼿
KANGXI RADICAL HAND

[U+2F3E]
Kangxi Radicals
[U+2F40]
🈐 U+1F210, 🈐
SQUARED CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-624B
[unassigned: U+1F203–U+1F20F]
🈂
[U+1F202]
Enclosed Ideographic Supplement 🈑
[U+1F211]

Translingual edit

Stroke order
 
Stroke order
 

Alternative forms edit

  • (when used as a left Chinese radical)

Han character edit

(Kangxi radical 64, +0, 4 strokes, cangjie input (Q), four-corner 20500, composition 𠂌)

  1. Kangxi radical #64, ⼿.

Derived characters edit

References edit

  • Kangxi Dictionary: page 416, character 28
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 11768
  • Dae Jaweon: page 762, character 9
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 3, page 1824, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+624B

Chinese edit

simp. and trad.
alternative forms 𠂿
 
Wikipedia has articles on:

Glyph origin edit

Historical forms of the character
Western Zhou Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Bronze inscriptions Chu slip and silk script Qin slip script Ancient script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
           

Pictogram (象形) – hand and fingers. The top stroke is the bent over middle finger, while the horizontal strokes are each two fingers. Compare , , , .

Note that unlike the other hand/claw characters, has consistently had five fingers: a mammalian/human hand, as opposed to the three digits often found in the others.

Compare also (“foot”), derived from a footprint, originally composed of 3 toes and a sole.

Etymology edit

STEDT compares this word to Proto-Sino-Tibetan *g-(t)sjəw-k/ŋ (wing; hand) based on Karlgren's Archaic Chinese (Old Chinese) reconstruction *śi̯ôg, connecting it to Tibetan གཤོག (gshog, wing).

However, this comparison is not supported by more recent scholarship, in which the Old Chinese is reconstructed with an alveolar nasal (Unger, 1995; Zhengzhang, 1995; Baxter and Sagart, 2014). Evidence for the nasal initial is given in Sagart (1999):

  • (“handcuffs”) can be written as , so (OC *ᵇhnruʔ) (with a nasal initial) and seem to be interchangeable as phonetics.
  • The ancient graph resembles the graph of (“right hand”). (OC *ᵇnruʔ, “animal track; claw”) seems to be the modern specialized form of , which has been borrowed to represent an earthly branch.

As done by Sagart (1999), Baxter and Sagart (2014) put (OC *n̥<r>uʔ, “handcuffs”) and (OC *Cə.n<r>uʔ, “animal track; claw”) into the same word family as (OC *n̥uʔ). Zhengzhang (1995) suggests a connection to Burmese ညှိုး (hnyui:, forefinger), which STEDT derives from Proto-Sino-Tibetan *s-njuŋ ~ *s-m-juŋ ~ *s-m-juw (finger).

Alternatively, Schuessler (2007) suggests a tone B endoactive derivation from (OC *nhiu?, “to take; to gather”), literally “that which is doing the taking”.

Pronunciation edit


Note:
  • chhiú - vernacular;
  • siú - literary.
Note:
  • qiu2 - vernacular;
  • xiu2 - literary.
  • Wu
  • Xiang

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (26)
    Final () (136)
    Tone (調) Rising (X)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Baxter syuwX
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ɕɨuX/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ɕiuX/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ɕiəuX/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ɕuwX/
    Li
    Rong
    /ɕiuX/
    Wang
    Li
    /ɕĭəuX/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ɕi̯ə̯uX/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    shǒu
    Expected
    Cantonese
    Reflex
    sau2
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    shǒu
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ syuwX ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*n̥uʔ/
    English hand

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 11665
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    2
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*hnjɯwʔ/

    Definitions edit

    1. hand (Classifier: m c mn;  m mn;  c)
    2. expert; master
        ―  gāoshǒu  ―  master
    3. -ist; -er
        ―  shǒu  ―  singer
    4. convenient; handy; portable
        ―  shǒu  ―  mobile phone
        ―  shǒu  ―  handbook
    5. handwritten
    6. Classifier for skills.
    7. Classifier for transactions.
    8. (Min Nan) luck in gambling
    9. (Mainland China Hokkien) Classifier for Chinese characters.
    10. (Taiwanese Hokkien) hidden part (general)
    11. (finance) Classifier for stocks: lot

    See also edit

    • 手掌 (shǒuzhǎng, “palm”)
    • 手指 (shǒuzhǐ, “finger”)
    • 手腕 (shǒuwàn, “wrist”)
    • 胳膊 (gēbo, “arm”)

    Usage notes edit

    In many varieties of Chinese south of the Yangtze River, (shǒu) refers to the arm and hand collectively.

    Compounds edit

    Descendants edit

    Sino-Xenic ():
    • Japanese: (しゅ) (shu)
    • Korean: 수(手) (su)
    • Vietnamese: thủ ()

    Japanese edit

    Kanji edit

    (grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    Readings edit

    Compounds edit

    Etymology 1 edit

    Kanji in this term

    Grade: 1
    kun’yomi

    From Old Japanese, from Proto-Japonic *tay. Compare (me, ma-, eye).

    Pronunciation edit

    Noun edit

    () (te

    1. a hand
      リンゴ()()
      ringo o te ni motsu
      to hold an apple in one's hand
      ()()モールス
      te-uchi no Mōrusu
      manually-keyed Morse code
    2. a handle, grip
    3. a paw, foreleg
    4. a way of acting, means
      その()あったか。
      Sono te ga atta ka.
      You could do it that way too?
      ()のも(ひと)()である。
      Kau no mo hitotsu no te de aru.
      Another way is buying it.
    5. (board games) a move, play
      • 2002 March 9, Yumi Hotta with Obata, Takeshi, “(だい)131(ひゃくさんじゅういち)(きょく) (ため)される()(すみ)”, in ヒカルの碁 [Hikaru’s Go], volume 16 (fiction), Tokyo: Shueisha, →ISBN, page 54:
        まだそんな()(のこ)ってた——(とう)(りょう)(はや)すぎた
        Mada sonna te ga nokotteta—— Tōryō wa hayasugita
        There’s still that move — I gave up too soon
    Derived terms edit

    Prefix edit

    () (te-

    1. strengthens the prefixed adjective or adjectival noun
      ()(ばや)い、()(がた)
      tebayai, tegatai
      quick, nimble; firm, steady

    Suffix edit

    () (-te

    1. one who does the previous word's action: -ist, -er
      (かた)()
      katarite
      narrator
      使(つか)()
      tsukaite
      user
    2. (board games) counter for moves in shogi, go, etc.
    Derived terms edit
    See also edit

    Etymology 2 edit

    Kanji in this term
    しゅ
    Grade: 1
    goon

    From Middle Chinese (MC syuwX).

    Affix edit

    (しゅ) (shu

    1. hand
    2. handwork
    3. handicraft, skill, talent
    4. one who does an action: -ist, -er
    Derived terms edit

    References edit

    1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

    Korean edit

    Etymology edit

    From Middle Chinese (MC syuwX).

    Historical Readings
    Dongguk Jeongun Reading
    Dongguk Jeongun, 1448 슈ᇢ〯 (Yale: syǔw)
    Middle Korean
    Text Eumhun
    Gloss (hun) Reading
    Hunmong Jahoe, 1527[1] 손〮 (Yale: swón) 슈〮 (Yale: syú)

    Pronunciation edit

    • (hand; person; etc.):
    • (in 수건 (手巾, sugeon)):
      • (SK Standard/Seoul) IPA(key): [sʰu(ː)]
      • Phonetic hangul: [(ː)]
        • Though still prescribed in Standard Korean, most speakers in both Koreas no longer distinguish vowel length.

    Hanja edit

    Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

    Wikisource

    (eumhun (son su))

    1. Hanja form? of (hand).
    2. Hanja form? of (suffix related to one's skill or occupation).

    Compounds edit

    References edit

    • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [2]

    Kunigami edit

    Kanji edit

    (grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    Pronunciation edit

    Noun edit

    (てぃー) (thī

    1. a hand

    Miyako edit

    Kanji edit

    (grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    Pronunciation edit

    Noun edit

    (てぃー) (

    1. a hand

    Okinawan edit

    Kanji edit

    (grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    Readings edit

    Compounds edit

    Etymology edit

    Cognate with Japanese (te).

    Pronunciation edit

    Noun edit

    (てぃー) (

    1. a hand
    2. a handle, grip
    3. a skill, ability, means; especially in martial arts

    Derived terms edit

    Vietnamese edit

    Han character edit

    : Hán Việt readings: thủ ((thư)(cửu)(thiết))[1][2][3]
    : Nôm readings: thủ[1][3][4][5]

    1. chữ Hán form of thủ (hand).

    Compounds edit

    References edit

    Yaeyama edit

    Kanji edit

    (grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    Pronunciation edit

    Noun edit

    (てぃー) (

    1. a hand

    Yonaguni edit

    Kanji edit

    (grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    Pronunciation edit

    Noun edit

    (てぃー) (

    1. a hand