U+624B, 手
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-624B

[U+624A]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+624C]
See also: and

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
 

Alternative formsEdit

  • (when used as a left Chinese radical)

Han characterEdit

(radical 64 +0, 4 strokes, cangjie input 手 (Q), four-corner 20500)

  1. Kangxi radical #64, ⼿(hand).

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 416, character 28
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 11768
  • Dae Jaweon: page 762, character 9
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 1824, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+624B

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Bamboo and silk script Large seal script Small seal script
         
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*n̥ʰɯwʔ
*hnjɯwʔ

Pictogram (象形) – hand and fingers. The top stroke is the bent over middle finger, while the horizontal strokes are each two fingers. Compare , , .

Note that unlike the other hand/claw characters, has consistently had five fingers: a mammalian/human hand, as opposed to the three digits often found in the others.

Compare also (“foot”), derived from a footprint, originally composed of 3 toes and a sole.

PronunciationEdit


Note: chhiú - vernacular, siú - literary.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (26)
Final () (136)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɕɨuX/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɕiuX/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɕiəuX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɕuwX/
Li
Rong
/ɕiuX/
Wang
Li
/ɕĭəuX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɕi̯ə̯uX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
shǒu
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
shǒu
Middle
Chinese
‹ syuwX ›
Old
Chinese
/*n̥uʔ/
English hand

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 11665
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*hnjɯwʔ/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. hand   (Classifier: m c; m c)
  2. expert; master
      ―  gāoshǒu  ―  master
  3. -ist; -er
      ―  shǒu  ―  singer
  4. convenient; handy
    /   ―  shǒu  ―  mobile phone
    /   ―  shǒu  ―  handbook
  5. Classifier for transactions.

See alsoEdit

  • 手掌 (shǒuzhǎng, “palm”)
  • 手指 (shǒuzhǐ, “finger”)
  • 手腕 (shǒuwàn, “wrist”)
  • 胳膊 (gēbo, “arm”)

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

NounEdit

‎(hiragana , romaji te)

  1. hand
  2. handle
  3. paw; foreleg
  4. (board games) a move, a play

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(su)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (McCune-Reischauer: su, Yale: swu)
  • Name (hangeul): ()
  1. hand

MulamEdit

NounEdit

‎(nja2)

  1. hand

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(thủ, tây, trì)

  1. hand