Contents

ChineseEdit

 
bitter; intensely; miserable; painful
heart; mind
simp. and trad.
(苦心)

PronunciationEdit


NounEdit

苦心

  1. pains; efforts; hard work

AdverbEdit

苦心

  1. with strenuous efforts; painstakingly

DescendantsEdit


JapaneseEdit

Kanji in this term

Grade: 3
しん
Grade: 2
on'yomi

EtymologyEdit

From ‎(ku, hard, energetically) + ‎(shin, heart)

NounEdit

苦心 ‎(hiragana くしん, romaji kushin)

  1. pains, efforts, hard work

Derived termsEdit

  • 苦心談 (kushindan): account of the hardships one has encountered
  • 苦心惨憺 (kushin santan): taking great pains

IdiomsEdit

VerbEdit

苦心する ‎(hiragana くしんする, romaji kushin suru)

  1. make strenuous efforts, be at pains to, struggle to
    苦心 (くしん)して
    kushin shite
    with great pains

ConjugationEdit

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