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ChineseEdit

 
bitter; intensely; miserable; painful
laugh; smile
trad. (苦笑)
simp. #(苦笑)

PronunciationEdit


VerbEdit

苦笑

  1. to smile a bitter smile; to force a smile; to smile wryly

JapaneseEdit

Kanji in this term

Grade: 3
しょう
Grade: 4
on’yomi

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

苦笑 (hiragana くしょう, rōmaji kushō)

  1. bitter smile; forced smile

VerbEdit

苦笑する (suru conjugation, hiragana くしょうする, rōmaji kushō suru)

  1. to smile a bitter smile; to force a smile

ConjugationEdit