JapaneseEdit

Kanji in this term
ちか
Grade: 2
kun’yomi

EtymologyEdit

From Old Japanese, from Proto-Japonic *tika.

PronunciationEdit

  • Tokyo pitch accent of inflected forms of "近い"
Source: Online Japanese Accent Dictionary
Stem forms
Continuative (連用形) 近く かく
[chíꜜkàkù]
[chìkáꜜkù]
Terminal (終止形) 近い [chìkáꜜì]
Attributive (連体形) 近い [chìkáꜜì]
Key constructions
Informal negative 近くない かくない
くない
[chíꜜkàkùnàì]
[chìkáꜜkùnàì]
Informal past 近かった かかった
かった
[chíꜜkàkàttà]
[chìkáꜜkàttà]
Informal negative past 近くなかった かくなかった
くなかった
[chíꜜkàkùnàkàttà]
[chìkáꜜkùnàkàttà]
Formal 近いです いです [chìkáꜜìdèsù]
Conjunctive 近くて かくて
くて
[chíꜜkàkùtè]
[chìkáꜜkùtè]
Conditional 近ければ かければ
ければ
[chíꜜkàkèrèbà]
[chìkáꜜkèrèbà]

AdjectiveEdit

(ちか) (chikai-i (adverbial (ちか) (chikaku))

  1. near, close to (in space)
  2. near (in time), at hand
  3. close, closely related
  4. near, not far off (in amount)
  5. similar in appearance, form, color, shape, etc.
  6. close, on good terms with

InflectionEdit

AntonymsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • 2002, Ineko Kondō; Fumi Takano; Mary E Althaus; et. al., Shogakukan Progressive Japanese-English Dictionary, Third Edition, Tokyo: Shōgakukan, →ISBN.