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U+8FD1, 近
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-8FD1

[U+8FD0]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+8FD2]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
 

Han characterEdit

(radical 162, +4, 7 strokes, cangjie input 卜竹一中 (YHML), four-corner 32302, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1254, character 7
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 38752
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1736, character 18
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 3819, character 12
  • Unihan data for U+8FD1

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.
variant forms 𣥍

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
   
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*ɡɯ, *kɯl, *ɡɯn
*ɡɯl
*ɡɯl
*ɡɯl
*ɡɯl, *ŋɡɯːn, *ŋɡɯn
*ɡɯl, *ɡɯːls
*ɡɯl
*ɡɯl
*ŋɡɯl
*qʰan
*ŋɡrɯnʔ, *ŋkɯn
*ŋɡrɯnʔ, *ŋɡɯn
*ŋɡrɯnʔ, *ŋɡɯnʔ
*ŋrɯns, *qɯns
*kɯn, *kɯns
*kɯnʔ
*kɯns
*kɯns
*kɯns, *keŋs
*kʰɯnʔ
*ɡɯn
*ɡɯnʔ, *ɡɯns
*ŋɡɯn
*qʰɯn
*qʰɯn
*qʰɯn
*qʰɯn
*qʰɯn, *qʰɯns
*qʰɯn
*qʰɯns, *mpreːɡs
*qʰɯns

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • kan5 - vernacular;
  • gan6 - literary.
  • Hakka
  • Min Bei
  • Min Dong
  • Min Nan
  • Wu

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /t͡ɕin⁵¹/
    Harbin /t͡ɕin⁵³/
    Tianjin /t͡ɕin⁵³/
    Jinan /t͡ɕiẽ²¹/
    Qingdao /t͡ɕiə̃⁴²/
    Zhengzhou /t͡ɕin³¹²/
    Xi'an /t͡ɕiẽ⁴⁴/
    Xining /t͡ɕiə̃²¹³/
    Yinchuan /t͡ɕiŋ¹³/
    Lanzhou /t͡ɕĩn¹³/
    Ürümqi /t͡ɕiŋ²¹³/
    Wuhan /t͡ɕin³⁵/
    Chengdu /t͡ɕin¹³/
    Guiyang /t͡ɕin²¹³/
    Kunming /t͡ɕĩ¹/
    Nanjing /t͡ɕin⁴⁴/
    Hefei /t͡ɕin⁵³/
    Jin Taiyuan /t͡ɕiəŋ⁴⁵/
    Pingyao /t͡ɕiŋ³⁵/
    Hohhot /t͡ɕĩŋ⁵⁵/
    Wu Shanghai /t͡ɕiŋ⁵³/
    Suzhou /d͡ʑin³¹/
    Hangzhou /d͡ʑin¹³/
    Wenzhou /d͡ʑaŋ³⁵/
    Hui Shexian /t͡ɕʰiʌ̃³⁵/
    Tunxi /t͡ɕʰin²⁴/
    Xiang Changsha /t͡ɕin⁵⁵/
    /t͡ɕin¹¹/
    Xiangtan /d͡ʑin²¹/
    Gan Nanchang /t͡ɕʰin²¹/
    Hakka Meixian /kʰiun⁴⁴/ 好~
    /kʰiun⁵³/ ~來
    Taoyuan /kʰuŋ²⁴/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /kɐn²²/
    Nanning /kʰɐn²⁴/
    /kɐn²²/
    Hong Kong /kɐn²²/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /kun²²/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /køyŋ²⁴²/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /kyiŋ⁴⁴/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /kɯŋ³⁵/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /kin³³/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/2 2/2
    Initial () (30) (30)
    Final () (57) (57)
    Tone (調) Rising (X) Departing (H)
    Openness (開合) Open Open
    Division () III III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ɡɨnX/ /ɡɨnH/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ɡɨnX/ /ɡɨnH/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ɡiənX/ /ɡiənH/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /gɨnX/ /gɨnH/
    Li
    Rong
    /ɡiənX/ /ɡiənH/
    Wang
    Li
    /ɡĭənX/ /ɡĭənH/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /gi̯ənX/ /gi̯ənH/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    jìn jìn
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2 2/2
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    jìn jìn
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ gjɨnX › ‹ gjɨnH ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*N-kərʔ/ /*s-N-kərʔ-s/
    English near be near to (v.t.)

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2 2/2
    No. 6659 6660
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1 1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ɡɯnʔ/ /*ɡɯns/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. near, close
      Antonyms: (yuǎn)
    2. intimate
    3. approximately
    4. to approach
    5. (dialectal) to make a profit; to earn

    CompoundsEdit


    JapaneseEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    1. near, close

    ReadingsEdit

    Proper nounEdit

    (hiragana こん, rōmaji Kon)

    1. A surname​.

    KoreanEdit

    HanjaEdit

    (geun) (hangeul , McCune–Reischauer kŭn, Yale kun)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    (cận, cặn, gàn, gần)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.